Saints & Feasts

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Liturgical life of the Armenian Church

Calendar of the Feasts and Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church

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annunciation_miniature

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, by Sargis Pidzak, 1280, Hromkla, Cilicia, Matenadaran collection

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The Present Form of the Armenian Calendar: The Armenian Typicon (տոնացույց), in use in the Armenian Church today, received its final shape in the time of Catholicos Simeon of Erevan, who first published it in 1775. The Armenian Church adopted the Gregorian calendar on November 6, 1923, with the exception of the Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem where, because of “the status quo of the Holy Land” the Julian calendar is still followed.
The Armenian Church calendar year begins with the Feast of the Nativity and Epiphany of our Lord Jesus Christ celebrated on January 6, as a fixed date. Easter, is the central feast of the Armenian Church celebrating the Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ. The Easter date, which varies between March 22 and April 25, determines the dates of all other movable feasts.
There is an interesting mechanism inherent in the Armenian calendar which differs from the calendar systems of other churches. In all other Christian communities (except for the Chaldaeans), all feasts other than the movable cycle of Easter and the feasts which depend upon it are celebrated on a fixed date each year. The Armenian Church has developed a different system, based on the weekly cycle. This is a remnant of the earlier tradition in which the days of the week, especially Sunday (and later the fast days Wednesday and Friday) were the controlling element in Christian festive celebration.
The Armenian calendar respects this primitive practice according to which the feasts of the saints can never be celebrated on Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday. All saints have a date assigned for remembrance in the “synaxarium”, when that date falls on a Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday, the commemoration must be transferred in the very next festive day. Some important feasts of Our Lord and the Virgin are transferred to the Sunday nearest their fixed date.
Consequently, about 150 days of the year are put aside for tasting and penance. In those days, saints cannot be celebrated. Another 150 (or so) days remain for the commemoration and celebration of the saints. The feasts of the Lord are observed during the remaining days of the year. Though most of the feast days are movable, there are specific feasts that are celebrated on fixed dates. These are mostly feasts related to our Lord Jesus Christ and to Virgin Mary the Mother of God.  Hence, all feast days in the Armenian calendar are movable, except for the following:

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The Feasts with a Fixed Date

1.  Theophany and Nativity  (January 6)
2.  Presentation of the Lord to the Temple  (February 14)
3.  Annunciation  (April 7)
4.  Feast of the Birth of St. Mary the Virgin  (September 8)
5.  Presentation of the Holy Mother of God  (November 21)
6.  Conception of the Virgin Mary by St. Anne  (December 9)
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Except for the feast of Theophany and Nativity, borrowed from the Byzantines at an early date, and the feast of the Presentation of the Lord to the Temple, these fixed commemorations were introduced into the Armenian calendar during the Middle Ages. The Annunciation and Birth of St. Mary the Virgin were introduced during the 13th century, and the Presentation and Conception were accepted in the 17th century. In the liturgical life of the Armenian Church, all other feasts are celebrated on a different date each year, even though they may have a fixed date assigned to them according to the synaxarium.

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The five Cardinal “Daghavar” Feasts

In the calendar of the Armenian Church, there are five major dominical feasts which are considered as “cardinal feasts”, better known in Armenian as “Daghavar”. These are the following:
1.  Christmas – Epiphany
2.  Easter
3.  Transfiguration – “Vartavar”
4.  Assumption (Dormition) of Virgin Mary
5.  Exaltation of the Holy Cross.
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Daghavars are celebrated on Sundays. The day following each Daghavar is designated as a memorial day for the diseased ones. The week preceding each Daghavar is a week of fast. With the exception of Easter, where there exists a seven week fast known as the Great Fast or the Great Lent.

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The liturgical year of the Armenian Church

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The present Armenian system was fully developed by the 12th century. The liturgical year of the Armenian Church is divided into four sections:
A.  The Period of Theophany (Advent)
B.  The Great Period of Pascha (Eastertide)
C.  The Period of Transfiguration (Assumption-Tide)
D.  The Great Period of Extra-Pascha (Exaltation-Tide)

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Each of the above sections of the liturgical year has its epicenter in the celebration of:
a.  Christmas – Theophany
b.  Easter
c.  Transfiguration
d.  Exaltation of the Holy Cross.

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The Armenian Annual Cycle

Alternatively, the liturgical year of the Armenian Church is divided into eight great periods or seasons, namely:
1.  Theophany and Nativity
2.  Lent
3.  Easter
4.  Pentecost
5.  Transfiguration
6.  Assumption of Virgin Mary
7.  Exaltation of the Holy Cross
8.  Advent
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This annual cycle also manifests primitive traits, since all its seasons (with the exception of Epiphany) are moveable and vary in strict dependence on the cycle’s primary element, the annual paschal cycle. But the Armenian annual cycle, like the East Syrian or Chaldean, also shows further evolution compared to the Roman or Byzantine calendars. For while the former have filled the entire year with specific periods or seasons, the Roman calendar. For example, distinguishes only the lenten-paschal cycle and Advent from the rest of the year, which is just “ordinary time.”

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The Armenian Weekly Cycle

In the Armenian tradition there are three types of commemorations during the week:
I.  Dominical feasts (Derunagan): All Sundays are dedicated to the feasts of the Lord. The commemoration of the saints may never be celebrated on Sundays. Some important fixed Dominical feasts and the feasts of the Holy Virgin are transferred to the Sunday nearest their fixed date.
II.  Feasts of the saints (Srbots): The feasts of the saints are distributed over Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. Notable saints’ days occur on Saturdays. Dominical feasts or days of abstinence may also be observed on these four days of the week.
III. Days of abstinence (Bahots): Wednesdays and Fridays are the days of abstinence, on which the feasts of the saints are not commemorated. The character of the office during these two days of the week is penitential. Wednesdays are dedicated to the Annunciation and Incarnation, Fridays to the Crucifixion.

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Classification of the feasts and fasts of the Armenian Apostolic Church

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»  Dominical Feasts
»  Feasts of Saints
»  Fasting Days

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Dominical Feasts of the Armenian Church

Feasts that are related to the events of the earthly ministry of our Lord Jesus Christ as well as the feasts of Virgin Mary, Mother of God, the feasts related to the Holy and life-giving Cross and to the Holy Apostolic Church. Thus, the dominical feasts are divided into four groups:
1.  Feasts of Jesus Christ
2.  Feasts of Virgin Mary
3.  Feasts of the Holy Cross
4.  Feasts of the Holy Church

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Feasts of our Lord Jesus Christ

1.  Nativity and Theophany
–  Nativity (Christmas) and Baptism – January 6 (fixed date)
–  Naming of our Lord Jesus Christ (8th Day of Nativity) – January 13
–  Presentation of the Lord to the Temple – February 14 (fixed date)
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2.  Resurrection (Easter)
The dates of the feasts which are related to the celebration of Holy Easter are movable. Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday after the spring Equinox. Since 1923 the Armenian Church has been using the new Gregorian calendar, with the exception of the Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem where, because of “the status quo of the Holy Land” the Julian calendar is still followed. Celebrations related to the resurrection of Christ include:
–  Remembrance of Christ’s Raising Lazarus
–  Palm Sunday and the Holy Week
–  The 40-day period from Easter to Ascension
–  Feast of the Ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ
–  Pentecost (7 Sundays after Easter)
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3.  Transfiguration (“Vartavar”)
The feast of the Transfiguration of our Lord is a movable feast according to Armenian liturgical calendar. It is not commemorated on a fixed date (August 6). But, it is celebrated 14 Sundays after Easter.
Vartavar: Although now a tradition connected to the celebration of the transfiguration of Jesus Christ, Vardavar’s history dates back to pagan times. The ancient festival is traditionally associated with the ancient goddess Astghik, who was the goddess of water, beauty, love and fertility. The festivities associated with this religious observance of Astghik were named “Vartavar” because Armenians offered her roses as a celebration (vart means “rose” in Armenian and var mean “rise”). For this reason, Vartavar was celebrated in the harvest time. During the day of Vardavar, it is a tradition, people from a wide array of ages to douse each other, even the strangers, with water.

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Feasts of Virgin Mary the Holy Mother of God

Sourp Asdvadzadzin” – “Theotokos

1.  Annunciation of Theotokos – April 7 (fixed date)
2.  Discovery of the Box of Holy Virgin Mary  (fifth Sunday after Pentecost)
3.  Assumption (Dormition) of Theotokos  (on the Sunday closest to August 15)
4.  Discovery of the Belt of Holy Virgin Mary  (second Sunday of the Assumption)
5.  Birth of the Holy Virgin Mary – September 8  (fixed date)
6.  Presentation to the Temple – November 21  (fixed date)
7.  Conception of Holy Virgin Mary – December 9  (fixed date)

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Feasts of the Holy Cross

1.  The miracle of the Apparition of the Holy Cross  (fourth Sunday after Easter)
On May 7 in the year 351, in the feast of Pentecost, at about 9 in the morning, those living in Jerusalem witnessed an intensely illumined cross that appeared over the city of Jerusalem. Tongues of flame were roaring across the horizon forming a gigantic blazing Cross in the sky. The apparition, “brighter than the sun” extended from Golgotha to the Mount of Olives, in a span of about two miles. This phenomenon remained visible for several hours, witnessed by the total of the population of Jerusalem. St Cyril the Patriarch of Jerusalem, who witnessed the phenomenon by himself, gives testimony of this sign in his letter to the Byzantine Emperor Constantius describing it as a miraculous sign from heavens.
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2.  Exaltation of the Holy Cross  (on the Sunday closest to September 14)
The Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, comemorates three major historical events related with the True Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ: a) the miraculous finding of the True Cross in Jerusalem by St. Helena, the mother of the Byzantine emperor Constantine; b) the dedication of churches built by Constantine on the site of the Holy Sepulchre and Mount Calvary; and c) the restoration of the True Cross to Jerusalem in AD 629 by the Byzantine emperor Heraclius.
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3.  Holy Cross of Varak  (2nd Sunday of the Exaltation)
On the third Sunday of Exaltation, the Armenian Church celebrates the feast of the Holy Cross of Varak.  On this day, it is commemorated the discovery of a fragment of the True Cross, on Mount Varak, near lake Van, in the historical province of Vaspurakan. The old Armenian tradition tells that in the 7th century, while praying on Mount Varak, a hermit named Thotig, had a vision.  He saw a shining cross with light radiating around it on top of the mountain. The light indicated the place where St Hripsime had hidden a fragment of the True Cross three centuries ago.  In that place, was later built (in the 11th century) the famous monastery of the Holy Cross of Varak – “Varagavank”. The monastic complex was vandalized, burnt and turned into ruins during the massacres of the Armenian Genocide in 1915. The fragment of the True Cross of Varak has been lost for ever.
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4.  Discovery of the Holy Cross by St Helen  (Seventh Sunday of the Exaltation)
This specific feast is dedicated to the comemoration of the miraculous finding of the True Cross in Jerusalem by St. Helena, the mother of the Byzantine emperor Constantine. It is celebrated separately from the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, on the 7th Sunday after the Exaltation.

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Feasts of the Holy Church

1.  New Sunday  (first Sunday after Easter)
2.  Green Sunday  (second Sunday after Easter)
3.  Red Sunday  (third Sunday after Easter)
4.  Feast of the Holy Echmiadzin  (second Sunday after Pentecost)
5.  Commemoration of the Old Ark of the covenant  (Saturday prior to Transfiguration)
6.  The Feast of the New Ark – the Holy Church  (Saturday prior to Transfiguration)
7.  “Shoghagat”- Feast of the Apparition of Holy Echmiadzin  (Saturday preceding the Assumption)

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Feast of Saints

In the Armenian Apostolic Church, saints are commemorated on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and on Saturdays, except during the period of the Great Lent when saints are commemorated on Saturdays only, and during the Eastertide period when no saints feasts are commemorated. For futher information regarding the calendar of the feasts of saints celebrated in the Armenian Church, please read below.

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Days of Fasting and Abstinence 

There are two levels of fasting:
A. Abstinence from meat, dairy and animal products – “bahk
B. Total abstinence – “dzom
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Fasting days are classified as follows:
A.  Daily Fast: all Wednesdays and Fridays. Exempted are the forty days of Eastertide period (from Easter to Ascension), and the period during the octave of the Holy Theophany (January 6 -13)
B.  The Fast of Great Lent and Holy Week (7 weeks): The Great fast (“medz bahk”) starts on the first day of the Great Lent, and it continues until the Great Saturday.
C. Weeklong Fasts: There are ten weeklong fasting periods preceding major feasts and special commemorations, which are observed from Monday through Friday, except for the fast of the Nativity which lasts for six days:
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Weeklong fasts
1.  Fast of Nativity – Theophany  (week prior to Christmas Eve)
2.  Fast of the Catechumens  (week prior to “Poon Paregentan” Eve of Great Lent)
3.  Fast of Prophet Elijah  (week prior to the 7th Sunday of Easter)
4.  Fast of St. Gregory the Illuminator  (week prior to the Eve of Pentecost)
5.  Fast of Transfiguration  (week prior to the Eve of Transfiguration)
6.  Fast of the Assumption of the Holy Mother of God  (week prior to the Eve of Assumption)
7.  Fast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross  (week prior to the Eve of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross)
8.  Fast of the Holy Cross of Varak  (week prior to the 2nd Sunday of Exaltation)
9.  Fast of Advent  (week prior to the 1st Sunday of Advent)
10. Fast of St. Hagop (St Jacob)  (week prior to the 4st Sunday of Advent)
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All fasts of the Armenian liturgical calendar are dedicated to the commemoration of the suffering and the crucifixion of our Lord who died on the Cross, and he resurrected on the third day, for the redemption of our sins and for our salvation.

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jesus_baptism_armenian

The Baptism of our Lord Jesus Christ by St. John the Baptist, detail from handmade artwork, 1795, Ghessaria (Kayseri), St. John the Forerunner (Sourp Garabed) church

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Feasts of Saints in the Armenian Apostolic Church

The Armenian Church Calendar of Saints & Feasts

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In the Armenian Apostolic Church, saints are commemorated on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and on Saturdays, except during the period of the Great Lent when saints are commemorated on Saturdays only, and during the Eastertide period when no saints feasts are commemorated. Thus, all feasts are celebrated on a different date each year, even though they may have a fixed date assigned to them according to the synaxarium.
The Easter date, which varies between March 22 and April 25, determines the dates of all other movable feasts. In specific cases, in the years when Easter is celebrated in March or in early April, feasts to be celebrated in mid or late February, are transfered later within the calendar year, and celebrated soon after the end of lenten-paschal cycle, as long as no saints feasts shall be celebrated during the Eastertide period.
In specific cases, such as St John the Baptist and St. Gregory the Illuminator, the Armenian Church celebrates their feast more than once within the calendar year, as long as more than one events related to their life are commemorated. This is due to the great respect and the vast importance that these saints bear for the Armenian Church.
It is also notable that apart from the Nativity of Jesus (January 6) and the Birth of Virgin Mary (September 8), the Armenian Church celebrates also the birth of St John the Baptist (observed on the Saturday closest to January 14). As a rule, the Armenian Church does not celebrate the birth of the saints. The rebirth of the saints through their martyrdom is celebrated instead.
It is notable also the importance of the feast of St Stephen the Protomartyr (closest feast day to December 27). Being the very first martyr of the Church (Protomartyr) St Stephen is being commemorated in the Armenian divine liturgy right after the St John the Baptist, and right before St Gregory the Illuminator – the founder of the Armenian Church.
Below, are presented most of the major feasts of saints as per the calendar of the Armenian Church. Their celebration is based on the Armenian liturgical calendar, and in accordance with the synaxarium of saints. The Easter date determines the dates of all other movable feasts. Saints who were sanctified and introduced in the Church calendar before the 5th century are recognized and celebrated unanimously by the Church. For those Saints who were introduced in the Armenian Church calendar after the 5th century, differences are observed between the calendar of the Armenian Apostolic Church and calendars of other Christian Churches.
In April 24, as a fixed date, the Armenian Church commemorates the memory of the Holy Martyrs of Armenian Genocide of 1915.
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St. John the Baptist and Forerunner

»   Birth of St. John the Baptist  (Saturday closest to January 14)
»   Beheading of St. John the Baptist  (Saturday before the New Sunday)
»   Discovery of the relics of St. John the Baptist  (following the 1st Sunday of Pentecost)
»   Discovery of the relics of St. John the Baptist  (before the Eve of the Exaltation of Holy Cross)
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The Holy Archangels

»   The Holy Archangels Gabriel and Michael and all the Heavenly Hosts  (Saturday before the 9th Sunday of Exaltation)
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The Holy Apostles and Evangelists

Pentecost period
»   St. Constantine the King and his mother St. Helen – the Equals to Apostles  (following the 3rd Sunday of Pentecost)
»   The 12 Holy Apostles of Christ, and St. Paul the 13th Apostle  (Saturday before the 6th Sunday of Pentecost)
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Transfiguration period
»   The Holy Apostle Thaddeus (Jude)  (Saturday before the 2nd Sunday of Transfiguration)
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Assumption period
»   The Holy Apostle Thomas  (Saturday before the 2nd Sunday of Assumption)
»   The Holy Apostles James and Simon  (Saturday before the 3nd Sunday of Assumption)
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Exaltation period
»   The 72 Holy Disciples of Christ  (Saturday before the 4th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   The Holy Apostles Ananias, Matthias, Barnabas, Philip, John, Silas and Silvanus  (following the 5th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   The Holy Apostles Timothy & Titus  (following the 5th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   The Holy Evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke and John  (Saturday before the 6th Sunday of Exaltation)
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Advent period
»   The Holy Apostles Andrew and Philip  (prior to the Eve of the Fast of Advent)
»   The disciples of St. Paul: Tarachus, Robus, Andronicus, Onesimus and others  (following the 1st Sunday of Advent)
»   The Holy Apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew, the first illuminators of Armenia  (Saturday before the 2nd Sunday of Advent)
»   The Holy Apostles Peter and Paul  (following the 5th Sunday of Advent)
»   The Holy Apostle James and John the Evangelist  (following the 5th Sunday of Advent)
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St. Gregory the Illuminator

Lent period
»   Sons and grandsons of St. Gregory Illuminator: Arisdages, Vrtanes, Hoosig, Krikoris, and Taniel   (prior to the Eve of the Fast of the Catechumens – in case of a late Easter)
»   St. Gregory the Illuminator – His Passion and Descent into the Pit  (Saturday before the 6th Sunday of Great Lent)
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Pentecost period
»   St. Gregory the Illuminator – Deliverance from the Pit  (Saturday before the 2nd Sunday of Pentecost)
»   Discovery of the relics of St. Gregory the Illuminator  (Saturday before the 4th Sunday of Pentecost)
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Transfiguration period
»   Sons and grandsons of St. Gregory Illuminator: Arisdages, Vrtanes, Hoosig, Krikoris, and Taniel   (prior to the 3rd Sunday of Transfiguration – in case of an early Easter)
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The Holy Martyrs

Nativity period
»   St. Theodosius and the Children of Ephesus  (prior to the 2nd Sunday after Nativity)
»   St. Giragos and his mother St. Julita   (following the 2nd Sunday after Nativity)
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Lent period
»   St. Theodore the Warriors  (Saturday before 2nd Sunday of Lent)
»   The Forty Martyrs of Sebastia “Karasoon Manoog”  (Saturday after the Median Day of Great Lent)
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Pentecost period
»   The Holy Children of Bethlehem  (following the 2nd Sunday of Pentecost)
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Assumption period
»   Sts. Adrian and Natalia, and the martyrs Sts. Theordorus and Eleutherius  (following the 4th Sunday of Assumption)
»   Sts. Abraham and Khoren, Cosmas and Damian, and Theodore the Martyr  (following the 4th Sunday of Assumption)
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Exaltation period
»   Sts. Mamas and Philomenos  (following the 2nd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   St. George (Gevorg) the Warrior  (prior to the 3rd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   Sts. Eustathius, Theophistias and their two sons  (following the 3rd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   Sts. Pantaleon the Physician, and Hermolaus the Priest  (prior to the 5rd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   St. Menas the Egyptian, the Wonderworker  (following the 9th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   St. Demetrius the Martyr  (following the 9th Sunday of Exaltation)
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Advent period
»   Sts. Cornelius the Centurion, Simeon the Relative of Christ  (following the 3rd Sunday of Advent)
»   St. Polycarp Bishop of Smyrna  (following the 3rd Sunday of Advent)
»   Sts. Eustratius, Auxentius, Eugenius, Orestes and Martyrius  (following the 3rd Sunday of Advent)
»   St. Stephen the Proto-Deacon and the First Martyr  (following the 5th Sunday of Advent)
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The Holy Virgins

Nativity period
»   St. Sophia and her daughters Pistis, Elpis, Agape  (following the 3rd Sunday of Nativity – in case of a late Easter)
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Pentecost period
»   St. Hripsimiank & St. Kayaniank  (following the 1st Sunday of Pentecost)
»   St. Nooneh and Maneh the Virgins  (following the 2nd Sunday of Pentecost)
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Transfiguration period
»   St. Santookhd the virgin  (prior to the 2nd Sunday of Transfiguration)
»   Sts. Justinia, Euphemia, and Christina the virgins  (following the 2nd Sunday of Transfiguration)
»   St. Sophia and her daughters Pistis, Elpis, Agape  (prior to the 4th Sunday of Transfiguration – in case of an early Easter)
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Exaltation period
»   Holy Virgins Febronia and Marina  (following the 2nd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   Holy Virgin Shooshan, the daughter of St. Vartan  (following the 2nd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   The Holy Virgins Catherine and Iermonia  (following the 3rd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   Sts. Thekla, Barbara, and Pelagia  (following the 4th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   St. Eupraxia the Virgin  (prior to the 5rd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   Sts. Martha and Mary Magdalene  (following the 6th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   St. Veronica  (following the 6th Sunday of Exaltation)
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Advent period
»   The Holy Virgins Juliana and Basilla  (following the 1st Sunday of Advent)
»   The Holy Virgins Indus and Domna  (following the 4th Sunday of Advent)
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Saints of the Armenian Church

Nativity period
»   Catholicos St. Sahag Parthev  (prior to the 5th Sunday after Nativity)
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Lent period
»   St. Sarkis the Warrior his son Martiros and his 14 Soldiers  (Saturday after Eve of the Fast of the Catechumens)
»   St. Ghevond the priest  (prior to “Poon Paregentan” Eve of Great Lent)
»   Vartanank – St. Vartan Mamikonyan and his 1036 companions 451 A.D.  (prior to “Poon Paregentan” Eve of Great Lent)
»   Sts. John of Otsoon (Hovnan Otsnetsi), John of Vorodn (Hovnan Vorodnetsi), and Gregory of Datev (Krikor Datevatsi)  (following the 3nd Sunday of Lent)
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Pentecost period
»   St. Hripsimiank & St. Kayaniank  (following the 1st Sunday of Pentecost)
»   St. Nooneh and Maneh the Virgins  (following the 2nd Sunday of Pentecost)
»   Sts. Nerses I the Great, and Bishop Khad  (prior to the 3rd Sunday of Pentecost)
»   Holy Translators St. Sahag and St. Mesrop Mashtots  (Saturday before the 5th Sunday of Pentecost)
»   Sts. Tiridates (Drtad) the King, Queen Ashkhen, and their daughter Khosrovitookhd  (prior to the 5th Sunday of Pentecost)
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Transfiguration period
»   St. Santookhd the virgin  (prior to the 2nd Sunday of Transfiguration)
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Exaltation period
»   Holy Virgin Shooshan, the daughter of St. Vartan  (following the 2nd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   St. David of Tvin  (following the 3rd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   Sts. Sahag and Hamazasb the Princes  (following the 3rd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   The Holy Translators: Mesrop, Yeghishe, Movses the Poet, Tavit the Philosopher  (prior to the 5rd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   St. Gregory of Nareg and St. Nerses Shnorhali  (prior to the 5rd Sunday of Exaltation)
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Advent period
»   King Abgar V of Edessa, the Witness  (following the 2nd Sunday of Advent)
»   St. James of Nisibis (Hagop Medzpnatsi), and Melitus the bishop  (prior to the 4th Sunday of Advent)
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The Desert Fathers, Hermits, and Monks

Nativity period
»   St. Anthon, Triphon, Barsauma and Onouphrius  (following the 1st Sunday after Nativity)
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Exaltation period
»   St. Simeon Stylites the Elder  (following the 2nd Sunday of Exaltation)
»   The Holy Fathers Barlaam, Anthimus and Irenaeus  (prior to the 3rd Sunday of Exaltation)
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Advent period
»   The Holy Fathers of Egypt, and St. Saba  (following the 2nd Sunday of Advent)
»   St. Marouke the hermit  (prior to the 4th Sunday of Advent)
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The Fathers of the Church

Nativity period
»   Holy Fathers Athanasius and Cyril of Alexandria  (prior to the 2rd Sunday after Nativity)
»   St Gregory the Theologian  (prior to the 3rd Sunday after Nativity)
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Lent period
»   The 150 Fathers of the Holy Council of Constantinople 381 A.D.  (Saturday before “Poon Paregentan” Eve of Great Lent)
»   St. Cyril of Jerusalem  (following the 2nd Sunday of Lent)
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Pentecost period
»   Sts. Epiphanius Bishop of Cyprus, Babylas the Patriarch and his three disciples  (following the 3rd Sunday of Pentecost)
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Assumption period
»   The 200 Fathers of the Holy Council of Ephesus 431 A.D.  (Saturday before the Eve of the fast of Assumption)
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Exaltation period
»   The 318 Fathers of the Holy Council of Nicea 325 A.D.  (Eve of the Fast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross)
»   Sts. Phocas the Patriarch, and Irenaeus of Lyons  (following the 4th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   St. Dionysius the Areopagite  (following the 5th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   The Holy Teachers & Doctors of the Church: Hierotheus of Athens, Dionysius the Areopagite, Sylvester of Rome, Athanasius of Alexandria, Cyril of Jerusalem, Ephraim the Syrian, Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa,  Gregory the Theologian, Epiphanius of Cyprus, John Chrysostom, and Cyril of Alexandria  (Saturday before the 7th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   St. John Chrysostom “Vosgeperan”  (following the 7th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   Sts. Metrophanes and Alexander, Patriarchs of Constantinople  (following the 8th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   Sts. Meletius Bishop of Antioch, and Meletius Bishop of Persia, Buras the Priest and Sennen the Deacon  (following the 9th Sunday of Exaltation)
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Advent period
»   St. Nicholas of Myron, the Wonderworker  (prior to the 1st Sunday of Advent)
»   St. Clement Bishop of Rome  (following the 1st Sunday of Advent)
»   St. Ignatius of Antiochia  (following the 4th Sunday of Advent)
»   Sts. Basil the Patriarch, Gregory of Nyssa, Silvester Patriarch of Rome, and Ephraim of Syria  (prior to the 5th Sunday of Advent)
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All Saints of the Church

Assumption period
»   Sts. Joachim and Anna parents of the Holy Mother of God  (following the 1st Sunday after Assumption)
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Exaltation period
»   Sts. Joseph, Simeon the Just, Nicodemus, Longinus the centurion, Joseph of Arimathea, and Lazarus the friend of Jesus  (following the 6th Sunday of Exaltation)
»   All Saints – old and new, known and unknown  (Saturday before the 8th Sunday of Exaltation)
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Prophets & Righteous of the Old Testament

Nativity period
»   The Holy Maccabees, Eleazar the priest, Shamooneh and her seven sons   (prior to the 3rd Sunday of Nativity – in case of a late Easter)
»   The 12 Holy Prophets of the Old Testament: Hosea, Amos, Micah, Joel, Obadiah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Jonah, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi   (prior to the 3rd Sunday of Nativity – in case of a late Easter)
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Lent period
»   Prophet Jonah  (prior to the Eve of the Fast of the Catechumens)
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Pentecost period
»   Prophet Elijah  (prior to the 1st Sunday of Pentecost)
»   Daniel the prophet and the three young men: Shadrach (Setrak), Meshach (Misak) and Abednego (Apetnakov)’  (following the 4th Sunday of Pentecost)
»   Prophet Zechariah & Prophet Elisha  (following the 5th Sunday of Pentecost)
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Transfiguration period
»   Prophet Isaiah  (following the Feast of Transfiguration)
»   The Holy Forefathers of the Old Testament: Adam, Abel, Seth, Enosh, Enoch, Noah, Melchizedek, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses,  (prior to the 3rd Sunday of Transfiguration)
»   The Holy Maccabees, Eleazar the priest, Shamooneh and her seven sons   (following the 3rd Sunday of Transfiguration – in case of an early Easter)
»   The 12 Holy Prophets of the Old Testament: Hosea, Amos, Micah, Joel, Obadiah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Jonah, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi   (following the 3rd Sunday of Transfiguration – in case of an early Easter)
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Assumption period
»   Prophet Jeremiah  (following the 1st Sunday after Assumption)
»   The Holy Prophets Ezekiel, Ezra, and Zachariah, the father of John the Baptist  (following the 2nd Sunday of Assumption)
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Exaltation period
»   Job the Righteous  (Eve of the Fast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross)
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Advent period
»   David the Prophet – King  (following the 5th Sunday of Advent)

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