Canon tables

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 Illuminated Canon tables

  their significance in the Church history

 

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Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Preface “Letter to Carpianus”, Toros Roslin, Zeytun Gospels, 1256, Getty museum collection

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The Gospel Harmony

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A gospel harmony is an attempt to compile the canonical gospels of the New Testament into a single account. This may take the form either of a single, merged narrative, or a tabular format with one column for each gospel, technically known as a synopsis, even though the word harmony is often used for both. The terms harmony and synopsis have been used to refer to several different approaches for the consolidation of the canonical gospels.
The challenge in any form of harmonizing comprises that in different evangelical sources, the biblical events are sometimes described in a different order. The Synoptic Gospels, for instance, describe Jesus overturning tables in the Temple at Jerusalem in the last week of his life, whereas the Gospel of John records a counterpart event is presented towards the beginning of His ministry. Researchers must either decide which might be the most probable sequence of the events, or conclude that separate events are hereby described. Anyway, researchers have long noted that the individual gospels are not written in a rigorously chronological format.
In many cases, the gospels diverge in their substantive description of an event.  As an example, let us consider the incident involving the centurion whose servant was healed by Jesus. In the Gospel of Matthew the centurion comes to Jesus in person; whereas in the Gospel of Luke, the centurion sends Jewish elders. As long as these accounts are clearly describing the same event, the researcher must conclude which description shall be considered as the most accurate.
Based on the broadly accepted principle that the Gospels of Matthew and Luke were written by using the Gospel of Mark as a source, researchers seek to explain the differences between the texts in terms of this process of composition. For example, Mark refers to John the Baptist preaching the forgiveness of sins, a detail which is dropped by Matthew, perhaps in the belief that the forgiveness of sins was exclusively related to the ministry of Jesus. However, it is generally accepted that the divergences in the gospels are a relatively small part of the whole, and that the narrative in the gospels tends to show a great deal of overall similarity.
The “Diatessaron”, an influential work of Tatian, which dates to about AD 160, was perhaps the very first attempt to publish a so-called harmony of the gospels. Diatessaron is a harmony in the form of a single merged narrative. Variations based on the Diatessaron continued to appear in the Middle Ages, e.g. Codex Sangallensis (based on the 6th century Codex Fuldensis) dates to 830 and has a Latin column based on the Vulgate and an Old High German column that often resembles the Diatessaron, although errors frequently appear within it. The Liege harmony in the Limburg dialect (Liege University library item 437) is a key Western source of the Diatessaron and dates to 1280, although published much later. Two extant recensions of the Diatessaron were found in Medieval Italia. These are the so-called Venetian manuscript dated from the 13th or 14th century, and the so-called Tuscany manuscript dated from the 14–15th century.
In the 3rd century, a Christian philosopher, Ammonius of Alexandria, developed the forerunner of the synopsis of the Gospels, a “harmony” based perhaps on the Diatessaron of Tatian. There are no extant copies of the Harmony of Ammonius. It is only known from a single reference in the letter of Eusebius of Caesaria to Carpianus.  In this letter, Eusebius discusses his own approach, known as the Eusebian Canons.

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Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Preface “Letter to Carpianus”, Toros Roslin, 13th century, Matenadaran collection

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Eusebian Canons

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Eusebian Canons (Eusebian sections or Eusebian Apparatus), also known as Ammonian Sections, is a system of dividing the Gospels into sections according to their relevance, widely used from the late Antiquity until the Middle Ages. The division of the Bible into chapters and verses, as it is currently used in modern texts, is dated as early as from the 13th and 16th centuries.
Eusebius of Caesaria (265-340) was a historian of Christianity, a philosopher and theologian. He became the bishop of Caesarea Maritima (in Palestine) about 314 to 339 AD. He was a scholar of the Biblical canon. In general, he is regarded as an extremely educated Christian of his time. Eusebius, in his survey on the material of the four Evangelists, divided the New Testament into sections based on the similarity of their content. He presented those sections into a synoptical table, so that to become easier to find pericopes with similar content from the Gospels, and to serve as a synoptic concordance to the Four Gospels. Because of the success of this concordance, Eusebius received a commission from Emperor Constantine to execute fifty finely written and luxuriously bound copies of the Gospels containing the canons for the new churches of Constantinople. Unfortunately, none of these copies has been survived until today.
Eusebian Canons are tables depicting the text of the four gospels into parallel columns. Each column contains the text of each of the four gospels divided into sections. Sections that contain similarities are placed on the same row, so as to facilitate the comparison among the four gospels. These canon tables or “Eusebian canons” remained in use throughout the Middle Ages. Illuminated manuscript versions of the Eusebian Canons have a great importance for the study of early medieval art of manuscripts. These tables are usually the most elaborately decorated pages of the medieval manuscripts of the Gospels.
Until recently, it was commonly believed that these divisions were devised by Ammonius of Alexandria, at the beginning of the third century (c. 220), in connection with a Harmony of the Gospels, now lost, which he composed. It was believed that Ammonius was the first who divided the four Gospels into small numbered sections, which were similar in content and where the narratives were parallel in meaning.
The division of the Gospels into sections, even though was analytically presented by Eusebius, actually dates back to Ammonius of Alexandria. Ammonius divided the Gospels into 1165 sections in total: 355 for Matthew, 235 for Mark, 343 for Luke, and 232 for John. This numbering is applicable in the most cases of manuscripts, however it cannot be considered as a general rule. The Ammonian sections are indicated in the margin of nearly all Greek, Armenian and Latin manuscripts of the Bible, from the 5th century until the Middle Ages. These sections, organized and presented as “Eusebius Canon Tables”, were almost always placed at the beginning of the medieval manuscripts of the Gospels.
Of late, however, the view that has been obtained among scholars is that the work of Ammonius was restricted to what Eusebius states concerning it in his letter to Carpianus. Namely, that he placed the parallel passages of the last three Gospels alongside the text of St. Matthew. The sections hitherto credited to Ammonius are now ascribed to Eusebius (265-340). In conclusion, the Harmony of Ammonius suggested to Eusebius, as he himself describes us, is the idea of drawing up ten tables (canons) in which the sections in question were classified in such way so as to make clear at a glance in which section each Gospel is in accordance with the others.
In the first nine tables, there were placed in parallel columns those numbers of the sections that are common to the four, or three, or two evangelists; namely:
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Canon 1:  Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
Canon 2:  Matthew, Mark, Luke
Canon 3:  Matthew, Luke, John
Canon 4:  Matthew, Mark, John
Canon 5:  Matthew, Luke
Canon 6:  Matthew, Mark
Canon 7:  Matthew, John
Canon 8:  Luke, Mark
Canon 9:  Luke, John
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Canon 10: Matthew only,  Mark only,  Luke only,  John only
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In the first nine tables, each column contained the numbers of the sections of each gospel common to the four, or three, or two, evangelists. Each row contained the numbers of the sections that were in common (to the four, or three, or two, evangelists). In the tenth table there were noted successively the sections special to each evangelist.

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Eusebian canons common

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However, it is notable that no canon table exists for sections common to: Mark, Luke & John (excluding Matthew). Also, no canon exists for the sections common to: Mark & John (excluding Matthew & Luke). This may be somehow explained due to the fact that Ammonius based his “harmony” by considering the gospel of St. Matthew as the basis of comparison with the other three Gospels. However, this cannot explain the fact that although the gospel of Matthew is used as the basis for the first 7 canons, this is not the case when it comes to Canon 8 (Luke & Mark) and Canon 9  (Luke & John).
The usefulness of these tables for the purpose of reference and comparison soon brought them into common use. From the 5th century until the late Middle Ages, the Ammonian sections, with references to the Eusebian tables, were indicated in the margin of nearly all the manuscripts of the Bible. As mentioned above, it needs hardly to be said that chapters and verses, as they are currently used, were not then in existence. The division in chapters dates from the 13th century, and the division into verses dates from the 16th century.
At the opposite of each section was written its number, and underneath this, was written the number of the respective Eusebian table to be consulted, so as to easily find out any existing parallel texts. A reference to the tenth table would of course be shown, indicating that this section was proper to that evangelist alone.
Hereby, on the tables below, in order to facilitate the reader of this page, both numbering styles are presented at each column. The Ammonius numbering of sections (shown below in brackets), together with the numbering in chapters and verses (as commonly in use today), placed on the right of each Ammonius number.

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Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canon I, Toros Roslin, 13th century, Matenadaran collection

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Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canon I, Aghtamar Gospels, 1391, Aghtamar, Van

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Canon I

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Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
[8]           Mt  3.3
[2]           Mk  1.3
[7]           Lk  3.3-6
[10]         Jn  1.23
[11]         Mt  3.11
[4]           Mk  1.7B-8
[10]         Lk  3.16B
[6]           Jn  1.15
[11]         Mt  3.11
[4]           Mk  1.7B-8
[10]         Lk  3.16B
[12]         Jn  1.26-27
[11]         Mt  3.11
[4]           Mk  1.7B-8
[10]         Lk  3.16B
[14]         Jn  1.30-31
[11]         Mt  3.11
[4]           Mk  1.7B-8
[10]         Lk  3.16B
[28]         Jn  3.28
[14]         Mt  3.16-17
[5]           Mk  1.9-11
[13]         Lk  3.21-22
[15]         Jn  1.32-34
[23]         Mt  4.23-25
[27]         Mk  3.7B-11A
[17]         Lk  4.14-15
[46]         Jn  6.1-2
[23]         Mt  4.23-25
[27]         Mk  3.7B-11A
[34]         Lk  5.15
[46]         Jn  6.1-2
[23]         Mt  4.23-25
[27]         Mk  3.7B-11A
[45]         Lk  6.17-19
[46]         Jn  6.1-2
[70]         Mt  9.1-8
[20]         Mk  2.1-12
[37]         Lk  5.18-26
[38]         Jn  5.1-10
[87]         Mt  10.17-18
[139]       Mk  13.9
[250]       Lk  21.12-13
[141]       Jn  15.21A
[87]         Mt  10.17-18
[139]       Mk  13.9
[250]       Lk  21.12-13
[146]       Jn  16.2B-4A
[98]         Mt  10.40
[96]         Mk  9.37B
[116]       Lk  10.16
[40]         Jn  5.23B
[98]         Mt  10.40
[96]         Mk  9.37B
[116]       Lk  10.16
[111]       Jn  12.44-45
[98]         Mt  10.40
[96]         Mk  9.37B
[116]       Lk  10.16
[120]       Jn  13.20
[98]         Mt  10.40
[96]         Mk  9.37B
[116]       Lk  10.16
[129]       Jn  14.21B
[98]         Mt  10.40
[96]         Mk  9.37B
[116]       Lk  10.16
[131]       Jn  14.24B-25
[98]         Mt  10.40
[96]         Mk  9.37B
[116]       Lk  10.16
[144]       Jn  15.23
[133]       Mt  13.13-15
[37]         Mk  4.11B-13
[77]         Lk  8.10B
[109]       Jn  12.39-40
[141]       Mt  13.54-56
[50]         Mk  6.1-3
[19]         Lk  4.22
[59]         Jn  6.41-42
[142]       Mt  13.57-58
[51]         Mk  6.4-6A
[21]         Lk  4.24
[35]         Jn  4.44
[147]       Mt  14.15-21
[64]         Mk  6.35-44
[93]         Lk  9.12-17
[49]         Jn  6.5-13
[166]       Mt  16.13-16
[82]         Mk  8.27-29A
[94]         Lk  9.18-20
[74]         Jn  6.68-69
[209]       Mt  21.9
[119]       Mk  11.9-10
[234]       Lk  19.37-38
[100]       Jn  12.12-13
[211]       Mt  21.12-13
[121]       Mk  11.15B-17
[238]       Lk  19.45-46
[21]         Jn  2.14-16
[220]       Mt  21.45-46
[122]       Mk  11.18
[239]       Lk  19.47-48
[77]         Jn  7.30
[220]       Mt  21.45-46
[129]       Mk  12.12
[242]       Lk  20.19
[85]         Jn  7.44
[220]       Mt  21.45-46
[129]       Mk  12.12
[261]       Lk  22.2
[88]         Jn  8.20
[244]       Mt  24.9
[139]       Mk  13.9
[250]       Lk  21.12-13
[141]       Jn  15.21A
[244]       Mt  24.9
[139]       Mk  13.9
[250]       Lk  21.12-13
[146]       Jn  16.2B-4A
[274]       Mt  26.2
[156]       Mk  14.1A
[260]       Lk  22.1
[20]         Jn  2.13
[274]       Mt  26.2
[156]       Mk  14.1A
[260]       Lk  22.1
[48]         Jn  6.4
[274]       Mt  26.2
[156]       Mk  14.1A
[260]       Lk  22.1
[96]         Jn  11.55A
[276]       Mt  26.6-11
[158]       Mk  14.3-7
[74]         Lk  7.36-50
[98]         Jn  12.2-8
[280]       Mt  26.22
[162]       Mk  14.19
[269]       Lk  22.23
[122]       Jn  13.22
[284]       Mt  26.26
[165]       Mk  14.22
[266]       Lk  22.19
[55]         Jn  6.35A
[284]       Mt  26.26
[165]       Mk  14.22
[266]       Lk  22.19
[63]         Jn  6.48
[284]       Mt  26.26
[165]       Mk  14.22
[266]       Lk  22.19
[65]         Jn  6.51
[284]       Mt  26.26
[165]       Mk  14.22
[266]       Lk  22.19
[67]         Jn  6.55
[289]       Mt  26.33-34
[170]       Mk  14.29-30
[275]       Lk  22.33-34
[126]       Jn  13.36-38
[291]       Mt  26.36A
[172]       Mk  14.32A
[279]       Lk  22.39
[156]       Jn  18.1
[294]       Mt  26.39A
[175]       Mk  14.35-36A
[281]       Lk  22.41
[161]       Jn  18.11B
[295]       Mt  26.39B
[176]       Mk  14.36B
[282]       Lk  22.42
[42]         Jn  5.30B
[295]       Mt  26.39B
[176]       Mk  14.36B
[282]       Lk  22.42
[57]         Jn  6.38
[300]       Mt  26.47
[181]       Mk  14.43
[285]       Lk  22.47A
[79]         Jn  7.32B
[300]       Mt  26.47
[181]       Mk  14.43
[285]       Lk  22.47A
[158]       Jn  18.3
[302]       Mt  26.51-52A
[183]       Mk  14.47
[287]       Lk  22.49-50
[160]       Jn  18.10-11A
[304]       Mt  26.55
[184]       Mk  14.48-49A
[289]       Lk  22.52-53
[170]       Jn  18.20
[306]       Mt  26.57
[187]       Mk  14.53
[290]       Lk  22.54A
[162]       Jn  18.12
[306]       Mt  26.57
[187]       Mk  14.53
[290]       Lk  22.54A
[174]       Jn  18.24
[310]       Mt  26.64B
[191]       Mk  14.62
[297]       Lk  22.69
[69]         Jn  6.62
[313]       Mt  26.67-68
[194]       Mk  14.65
[294]       Lk  22.63-65
[172]       Jn  18.22
[314]       Mt  26.69-70
[195]       Mk  14.66-68A
[291]       Lk  22.54B-57
[166]       Jn  18.16A
[314]       Mt  26.69-70
[195]       Mk  14.66-68A
[291]       Lk  22.54B-57
[168]       Jn  18.17
[315]       Mt  26.71-74
[196]       Mk  14.68B-72A
[292]       Lk  22.58-61A
[175]       Jn  18.25-27
[318]       Mt  27.2
[199]       Mk  15.1B
[300]       Lk  23.1
[176]       Jn  18.28A
[320]       Mt  27.11
[200]       Mk  15.2
[302]       Lk  23.3
[178]       Jn  18.33
[320]       Mt  27.11
[200]       Mk  15.2
[302]       Lk  23.3
[180]       Jn  18.37A
[325]       Mt  27.20-21
[204]       Mk  15.11
[310]       Lk  23.18-19
[184]       Jn  18.40
[326]       Mt  27.22-23
[205]       Mk  15.12-14
[311]       Lk  23.20-21
[188]       Jn  19.6A
[326]       Mt  27.22-23
[205]       Mk  15.12-14
[313]       Lk  23.23
[194]       Jn  19.15A
[328]       Mt  27.26
[206]       Mk  15.15
[314]       Lk  23.24-25
[196]       Jn  19.16
[331]       Mt  27.32
[209]       Mk  15.21
[315]       Lk  23.26
[197]       Jn  19.17-18A
[332]       Mt  27.33
[210]       Mk  15.22
[318]       Lk  23.33A
[197]       Jn  19.17-18A
[334]       Mt  27.35-36
[212]       Mk  15.24
[321]       Lk  23.34B-35A
[201]       Jn  19.23-24A
[335]       Mt  27.37
[214]       Mk  15.26
[324]       Lk  23.38
[199]       Jn  19.19
[336]       Mt  27.38
[215]       Mk  15.27
[317]       Lk  23.32
[198]       Jn  19.18B
[336]       Mt  27.38
[215]       Mk  15.27
[319]       Lk  23.33B
[198]       Jn  19.18B
[343]       Mt  27.50
[223]       Mk  15.37
[329]       Lk  23.46
[204]       Jn  19.30B
[348]       Mt  27.57-58
[227]       Mk  15.42-45
[332]       Lk  23.50-52
[206]       Jn  19.38
[349]       Mt  27.59-60
[228]       Mk  15.46
[333]       Lk  23.53
[208]       Jn  19.40-42
[352]       Mt  28.1-4
[231]       Mk  16.2-5
[336]       Lk  24.1-4
[209]       Jn  20.1
[352]       Mt  28.1-4
[231]       Mk  16.2-5
[336]       Lk  24.1-4
[211]       Jn  20.11-12

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Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canon I, Toros Roslin, 13th century, Matenadaran collection

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Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canon II, Morgan collection

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Canon II

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Matthew
Mark
Luke
[15]         Mt  4.1
[6]           Mk  1.12-13A
[15]         Lk  4.1-2A
[21]         Mt  4.19-20
[10]         Mk  1.17-18
[32]         Lk  5.10B-11
[31]         Mt  5.13
[102]       Mk  9.50
[185]       Lk  14.34
[32]         Mt  5.14-16
[39]         Mk  4.21
[79]         Lk  8.16
[32]         Mt  5.14-16
[39]         Mk  4.21
[133]       Lk  11.33
[50]         Mt  7.1-2
[41]         Mk  4.24
[56]         Lk  6.36-38
[62]         Mt  7.28-29
[13]         Mk  1.22
[4]           Lk  2.47-48A
[62]         Mt  7.28-29
[13]         Mk  1.22
[24]         Lk  4.32
[63]         Mt  8.1-4
[18]         Mk  1.40-44
[33]         Lk  5.12-14
[67]         Mt  8.14-18
[15]         Mk  1.29-34A
[26]         Lk  4.38-40
[69]         Mt  8.23-34
[47]         Mk  4.35-5.17
[83]         Lk  8.22-37A
[71]         Mt  9.9
[21]         Mk  2.13-14
[38]         Lk  5.27-28
[72]         Mt  9.10-11
[22]         Mk  2.15-16
[39]         Lk  5.29-30
[72]         Mt  9.10-11
[22]         Mk  2.15-16
[186]       Lk  15.1-2
[73]         Mt  9.12-17
[23]         Mk  2.17-22
[40]         Lk  5.31-39
[74]         Mt  9.18-26
[49]         Mk  5.21-43
[85]         Lk  8.40-56
[76]         Mt  9.35
[52]         Mk  6.6B
[169]       Lk  13.22
[79]         Mt  10.1
[29]         Mk  3.13-16A
[86]         Lk  9.1-2
[80]         Mt  10.2-4
[30]         Mk  3.16B-19
[44]         Lk  6.13-16
[82]         Mt  10.7-10
[53]         Mk  6.7-9
[87]         Lk  9.3-4
[82]         Mt  10.7-10
[53]         Mk  6.7-9
[110]       Lk  10.4
[83]         Mt  10.11
[54]         Mk  6.10
[87]         Lk  9.3-4
[83]         Mt  10.11
[54]         Mk  6.10
[112]       Lk  10.7A
[85]         Mt  10.14-15
[55]         Mk  6.11
[88]         Lk  9.5
[85]         Mt  10.14-15
[55]         Mk  6.11
[114]       Lk  10.10-12
[88]         Mt  10.19-22
[141]       Mk  13.11-13
[148]       Lk  12.11-12
[88]         Mt  10.19-22
[141]       Mk  13.11-13
[251]       Lk  21.14-19
[92]         Mt  10.26B
[40]         Mk  4.22-23
[80]         Lk  8.17
[94]         Mt  10.33
[86]         Mk  8.38
[97]         Lk  9.26
[94]         Mt  10.33
[86]         Mk  8.38
[146]       Lk  12.9
[103]       Mt  11.10
[1]           Mk  1.1-2
[70]         Lk  7.27
[114]       Mt  12.1-4
[24]         Mk  2.23-26
[41]         Lk  6.1-5
[116]       Mt  12.9-13
[25]         Mk  2.27-3.5
[42]         Lk  6.6-11
[116]       Mt  12.9-13
[25]         Mk  2.27-3.5
[165]       Lk  13.14-16
[116]       Mt  12.9-13
[25]         Mk  2.27-3.5
[177]       Lk  14.5-6
[121]       Mt  12.24
[32]         Mk  3.22
[127]       Lk  11.15
[122]       Mt  12.25-30
[33]         Mk  3.23-27
[129]       Lk  11.17-23
[123]       Mt  12.31-32
[34]         Mk  3.28-30
[147]       Lk  12.10
[130]       Mt  12.46-50
[35]         Mk  3.31-35
[82]         Lk  8.19-21
[131]       Mt  13.1-11
[36]         Mk  4.1-11A
[76]         Lk  8.4-10A
[135]       Mt  13.18-23
[38]         Mk  4.14-20
[78]         Lk  8.11-15
[137]       Mt  13.31-32
[44]         Mk  4.30-32
[167]       Lk  13.18-19
[143]       Mt  14.1-2
[57]         Mk  6.14
[90]         Lk  9.7-9
[144]       Mt  14.3-5
[59]         Mk  6.17
[12]         Lk  3.19-20
[149]       Mt  14.23A
[66]         Mk  6.46
[35]         Lk  5.16
[149]       Mt  14.23A
[66]         Mk  6.46
[43]         Lk  6.12
[153]       Mt  14.35-36
[69]         Mk  6.54-56
[36]         Lk  5.17
[164]       Mt  16.5-6
[79]         Mk  8.15
[144]       Lk  12.1B
[168]       Mt  16.20-21
[83]         Mk  8.29B-32A
[95]         Lk  9.21-22
[168]       Mt  16.20-21
[83]         Mk  8.29B-32A
[206]       Lk  17.25
[170]       Mt  16.24-26
[85]         Mk  8.34-37
[96]         Lk  9.23-25
[172]       Mt  16.28-17.9
[87]         Mk  9.1-9
[98]         Lk  9.27-36
[174]       Mt  17.14-18
[91]         Mk  9.17-27
[99]         Lk  9.37-42
[176]       Mt  17.22-23
[93]         Mk  9.30-32
[101]       Lk  9.43B-45
[178]       Mt  18.1-5
[95]         Mk  9.34-37A
[102]       Lk  9.46-48
[178]       Mt  18.1-5
[95]         Mk  9.34-37A
[217]       Lk  18.17
[179]       Mt  18.6-7
[99]         Mk  9.42
[197]       Lk  17.1-2
[190]       Mt  19.9
[105]       Mk  10.11-12
[195]       Lk  16.18
[192]       Mt  19.13-15
[106]       Mk  10.13-16
[216]       Lk  18.15-16
[193]       Mt  19.16-20
[107]       Mk  10.17-21A
[121]       Lk  10.25-28
[193]       Mt  19.16-20
[107]       Mk  10.17-21A
[218]       Lk  18.18-21
[194]       Mt  19.21
[108]       Mk  10.21B
[152]       Lk  12.33A
[194]       Mt  19.21
[108]       Mk  10.21B
[219]       Lk  18.22
[195]       Mt  19.22-27
[109]       Mk  10.22-28
[220]       Lk  18.23-28
[198]       Mt  19.29
[110]       Mk  10.29-30
[221]       Lk  18.29-30
[199]       Mt  19.30
[111]       Mk  10.31
[173]       Lk  13.30
[201]       Mt  20.17-19
[112]       Mk  10.32-34
[222]       Lk  18.31-33
[203]       Mt  20.24-27
[114]       Mk  10.41-44
[270]       Lk  22.24-26
[205]       Mt  20.29-34
[116]       Mk  10.46-52
[224]       Lk  18.35-43
[206]       Mt  21.1-3
[117]       Mk  11.1-3
[232]       Lk  19.28-31
[208]       Mt  21.6-8
[118]       Mk  11.4-8
[233]       Lk  19.32-36
[217]       Mt  21.23-27
[127]       Mk  11.27-33
[240]       Lk  20.1-8
[219]       Mt  21.33-44
[128]       Mk  12.1-11
[241]       Lk  20.9-18
[223]       Mt  22.15-33
[130]       Mk  12.13-27
[243]       Lk  20.20-39
[225]       Mt  22.41-45
[134]       Mk  12.35-37
[245]       Lk  20.41-44
[226]       Mt  22.46
[133]       Mk  12.34B
[244]       Lk  20.40
[229]       Mt  23.5-7
[135]       Mk  12.38-39
[137]       Lk  11.43
[229]       Mt  23.5-7
[135]       Mk  12.38-39
[246]       Lk  20.45-46
[242]       Mt  24.1-2
[137]       Mk  13.1-2
[237]       Lk  19.44B
[242]       Mt  24.1-2
[137]       Mk  13.1-2
[248]       Lk  21.5-6
[243]       Mt  24.3-8
[138]       Mk  13.3-8
[249]       Lk  21.7-11
[248]       Mt  24.17-18
[143]       Mk  13.14B-16
[209]       Lk  17.31
[248]       Mt  24.17-18
[143]       Mk  13.14B-16
[253]       Lk  21.21-22
[249]       Mt  24.19
[144]       Mk  13.17
[254]       Lk  21.23A
[251]       Mt  24.21
[146]       Mk  13.19
[255]       Lk  21.23B
[253]       Mt  24.23
[148]       Mk  13.21
[204]       Lk  17.23
[258]       Mt  24.29-30A
[150]       Mk  13.24-25
[257]       Lk  21.25-26
[259]       Mt  24.30B-35
[151]       Mk  13.26-31
[258]       Lk  21.27-33
[264]       Mt  24.43-44
[155]       Mk  13.35-37
[156]       Lk  12.39-40
[269]       Mt  25.14
[154]       Mk  13.34
[228]       Lk  19.12
[271]       Mt  25.29
[42]         Mk  4.25
[230]       Lk  19.26
[278]       Mt  26.14-19
[160]       Mk  14.10-16
[263]       Lk  22.4-13
[281]       Mt  26.23-24A
[163]       Mk  14.20-21A
[268]       Lk  22.21-22
[285]       Mt  26.27-29
[166]       Mk  14.23-25
[265]       Lk  22.16-18
[285]       Mt  26.27-29
[166]       Mk  14.23-25
[267]       Lk  22.20
[296]       Mt  26.40-41A
[177]       Mk  14.37-38A
[280]       Lk  22.40
[296]       Mt  26.40-41A
[177]       Mk  14.37-38A
[284]       Lk  22.45-46
[301]       Mt  26.48-50
[182]       Mk  14.44-46
[286]       Lk  22.47B-48
[308]       Mt  26.59-60A
[189]       Mk  14.55-56
[305]       Lk  23.10
[312]       Mt  26.65B-66
[193]       Mk  14.63B-64
[299]       Lk  22.71
[316]       Mt  26.75
[197]       Mk  14.72B
[293]       Lk  22.61B-62
[317]       Mt  27.1
[198]       Mk  15.1A
[295]       Lk  22.66-67A
[322]       Mt  27.15
[202]       Mk  15.6
[309]       Lk  23.17
[338]       Mt  27.41-43
[218]       Mk  15.31-32A
[322]       Lk  23.35B
[339]       Mt  27.44
[219]       Mk  15.32B
[325]       Lk  23.39
[340]       Mt  27.45
[220]       Mk  15.33
[327]       Lk  23.44-45A
[342]       Mt  27.48-49
[222]       Mk  15.36
[323]       Lk  23.36-37
[344]       Mt  27.51A
[224]       Mk  15.38
[328]       Lk  23.45B
[346]       Mt  27.54
[225]       Mk  15.39
[330]       Lk  23.47
[353]       Mt  28.5-7
[232]       Mk  16.6-7
[337]       Lk  24.5-8
[354]       Mt  28.8
[233]       Mk  16.8
[338]       Lk  24.9

~

~

2-gladzor-1.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canon II, by Toros Taronatsi, 1323, Gladzor monastery

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2_3-zeytun.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons II – III, by Toros Roslin, Zeytun Gospels, 1256, Getty museum collection

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Canon III

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Matthew
Luke
John
[1]           Mt  1.1-16
[14]         Lk  3.23-38
[1]           Jn  1.1-5
[1]           Mt  1.1-16
[14]         Lk  3.23-38
[3]           Jn  1.9-10
[1]           Mt  1.1-16
[14]         Lk  3.23-38
[5]           Jn  1.14
[7]           Mt  3.1-2
[6]           Lk  3.1-2
[2]           Jn  1.6-8
[7]           Mt  3.1-2
[6]           Lk  3.1-2
[25]         Jn  3.23
[59]         Mt  7.21
[63]         Lk  6.46
[116]       Jn  13.13
[64]         Mt  8.5-10
[65]         Lk  7.1-9
[37]         Jn  4.46B-54
[90]         Mt  10.24-25A
[58]         Lk  6.40
[118]       Jn  13.16-17
[90]         Mt  10.24-25A
[58]         Lk  6.40
[139]       Jn  15.20A
[97]         Mt  10.39
[211]       Lk  17.33
[105]       Jn  12.25
[111]       Mt  11.27A
[119]       Lk  10.22
[30]         Jn  3.35
[111]       Mt  11.27A
[119]       Lk  10.22
[114]       Jn  13.3A
[111]       Mt  11.27A
[119]       Lk  10.22
[148]       Jn  16.15A
[112]       Mt  11.27B
[119]       Lk  10.22
[8]           Jn  1.18
[112]       Mt  11.27B
[119]       Lk  10.22
[44]         Jn  5.37B
[112]       Mt  11.27B
[119]       Lk  10.22
[61]         Jn  6.46
[112]       Mt  11.27B
[119]       Lk  10.22
[76]         Jn  7.28-29
[112]       Mt  11.27B
[119]       Lk  10.22
[87]         Jn  8.19B
[112]       Mt  11.27B
[119]       Lk  10.22
[90]         Jn  10.15A
[112]       Mt  11.27B
[119]       Lk  10.22
[142]       Jn  15.21B
[112]       Mt  11.27B
[119]       Lk  10.22
[154]       Jn  17.25A
[146]       Mt  14.13-14
[92]         Lk  9.10B-11
[47]         Jn  6.3

~

~

2_3_4 Mike

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons II – III – IV, Queen Mlk’é Gospels, 851-862, Gulbenkian Foundation

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Canon IV

~
Matthew
Mark
John
[18]         Mt  4.12
[8]           Mk  1.14A
[26]         Jn  3.24
[117]       Mt  12.14
[26]         Mk  3.6-7A
[93]         Jn  10.39-40
[117]       Mt  12.14
[26]         Mk  3.6-7A
[95]         Jn  11.53-54
[150]       Mt  14.23B-27
[67]         Mk  6.47-50
[51]         Jn  6.15B-21
[161]       Mt  16.1
[77]         Mk  8.11
[23]         Jn  2.18
[161]       Mt  16.1
[77]         Mk  8.11
[53]         Jn  6.30
[204]       Mt  20.28
[115]       Mk  10.45
[91]         Jn  10.15B
[204]       Mt  20.28
[115]       Mk  10.45
[135]       Jn  15.13
[216]       Mt  21.22
[125]       Mk  11.24
[128]       Jn  14.13-21A
[216]       Mt  21.22
[125]       Mk  11.24
[133]       Jn  15.7
[216]       Mt  21.22
[125]       Mk  11.24
[137]       Jn  15.16B
[216]       Mt  21.22
[125]       Mk  11.24
[150]       Jn  16.23B-24
[277]       Mt  26.12-13
[159]       Mk  14.8-9
[98]         Jn  12.2-8
[279]       Mt  26.20-21
[161]       Mk  14.17-18
[72]         Jn  6.64B
[279]       Mt  26.20-21
[161]       Mk  14.17-18
[121]       Jn  13.21
[287]       Mt  26.31A
[168]       Mk  14.27B
[152]       Jn  16.31-32
[293]       Mt  26.38
[174]       Mk  14.34
[107]       Jn  12.26B-27A
[297]       Mt  26.41B
[178]       Mk  14.38B
[70]         Jn  6.63A
[299]       Mt  26.45-46
[180]       Mk  14.41-42
[103]       Jn  12.23
[307]       Mt  26.58
[188]       Mk  14.54
[164]       Jn  18.15A
[321]       Mt  27.12-14
[201]       Mk  15.3-5
[192]       Jn  19.8-9
[323]       Mt  27.16-18
[203]       Mk  15.7-10
[183]       Jn  18.39
[329]       Mt  27.27-29
[207]       Mk  15.16-19
[185]       Jn  19.1-3
[329]       Mt  27.27-29
[207]       Mk  15.16-19
[187]       Jn  19.5
[333]       Mt  27.34
[211]       Mk  15.23
[203]       Jn  19.28-30A

~

~

3_4-zeytun-e1555273921686.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons III – IV, by Toros Roslin, Zeytun Gospels, 1256, Getty museum collection

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4_5-toros-roslin-e1555274156245.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons IV – V, by Toros Roslin, Zeytun Gospels, 1256, Getty museum collection

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~

Canon V

~
Matthew
Luke
[3]           Mt  1.18
[2]           Lk  1.35
[10]         Mt  3.7-10
[8]           Lk  3.7-9
[12]         Mt  3.12
[11]         Lk  3.17-18
[16]         Mt  4.2-10
[16]         Lk  4.2B-13
[24]         Mt  5.1
[46]         Lk  6.20
[27]         Mt  5.5
[48]         Lk  6.21B
[28]         Mt  5.6
[47]         Lk  6.21A
[30]         Mt  5.11-12
[49]         Lk  6.22-23
[34]         Mt  5.18
[194]       Lk  16.17
[36]         Mt  5.25-26
[162]       Lk  12.57-59
[38]         Mt  5.39B-40
[53]         Lk  6.29-30
[40]         Mt  5.44-45
[52]         Lk  6.27-28
[41]         Mt  5.46-48
[55]         Lk  6.32-35
[43]         Mt  6.7-13
[123]       Lk  11.1-4
[46]         Mt  6.20-21
[153]       Lk  12.33B-34
[47]         Mt  6.22-23
[134]       Lk  11.34-36
[48]         Mt  6.24
[191]       Lk  16.13
[49]         Mt  6.25-34
[150]       Lk  12.22-31
[51]         Mt  7.3-5
[59]         Lk  6.41-42
[53]         Mt  7.7-11
[125]       Lk  11.9-13
[54]         Mt  7.12
[54]         Lk  6.31
[55]         Mt  7.13-14
[170]       Lk  13.23-24
[57]         Mt  7.16B
[61]         Lk  6.44B
[58]         Mt  7.17-20
[60]         Lk  6.43-44A
[60]         Mt  7.22-23
[171]       Lk  13.25-28A
[61]         Mt  7.24-27
[64]         Lk  6.47-49
[65]         Mt  8.11-12
[172]       Lk  13.28B-29
[66]         Mt  8.13
[66]         Lk  7.10
[68]         Mt  8.19-22
[105]       Lk  9.57-60
[78]         Mt  9.37-38
[108]       Lk  10.2
[84]         Mt  10.12-13
[111]       Lk  10.5-6
[86]         Mt  10.16
[109]       Lk  10.3
[93]         Mt  10.27-32
[145]       Lk  12.2-8
[95]         Mt  10.34-36
[160]       Lk  12.49-53
[96]         Mt  10.37-38
[182]       Lk  14.25-27
[96]         Mt  10.37-38
[184]       Lk  14.33
[102]       Mt  11.2-9
[69]         Lk  7.18-26
[104]       Mt  11.11
[71]         Lk  7.28
[105]       Mt  11.12-13
[193]       Lk  16.16
[107]       Mt  11.16-19
[73]         Lk  7.31-35
[108]       Mt  11.20-23A
[115]       Lk  10.13-15
[110]       Mt  11.25-26
[118]       Lk  10.21
[119]       Mt  12.22
[126]       Lk  11.14
[125]       Mt  12.35
[62]         Lk  6.45
[127]       Mt  12.38
[128]       Lk  11.16
[128]       Mt  12.39-42
[132]       Lk  11.29-32
[129]       Mt  12.43-45
[130]       Lk  11.24-26
[132]       Mt  13.12
[81]         Lk  8.18
[134]       Mt  13.16-17
[120]       Lk  10.23-24
[138]       Mt  13.33
[168]       Lk  13.20-21
[156]       Mt  15.14
[57]         Lk  6.39
[158]       Mt  15.24
[226]       Lk  19.10
[162]       Mt  16.2-3
[161]       Lk  12.54-56
[175]       Mt  17.19-21
[200]       Lk  17.5-6
[182]       Mt  18.12-14
[187]       Lk  15.3-7
[182]       Mt  18.12-14
[189]       Lk  15.10
[183]       Mt  18.15
[198]       Lk  17.3A
[187]       Mt  18.21-22
[199]       Lk  17.3B-4
[197]       Mt  19.28B
[272]       Lk  22.30B
[213]       Mt  21.15-16
[235]       Lk  19.39-40
[221]       Mt  22.1-10
[181]       Lk  14.16-24
[228]       Mt  23.4
[139]       Lk  11.45-46
[231]       Mt  23.12
[179]       Lk  14.11
[231]       Mt  23.12
[215]       Lk  18.14B
[232]       Mt  23.13-14
[142]       Lk  11.52
[234]       Mt  23.23
[136]       Lk  11.42
[236]       Mt  23.25-26
[135]       Lk  11.37-41
[237]       Mt  23.27-28
[138]       Lk  11.44
[238]       Mt  23.29-32
[140]       Lk  11.47-48
[240]       Mt  23.34-36
[141]       Lk  11.49-51
[241]       Mt  23.37-39
[175]       Lk  13.34-35
[255]       Mt  24.25-26
[202]       Lk  17.20-21
[256]       Mt  24.27
[205]       Lk  17.24
[257]       Mt  24.28
[213]       Lk  17.37
[261]       Mt  24.37-39
[207]       Lk  17.26-27
[262]       Mt  24.40-41
[212]       Lk  17.34-36
[265]       Mt  24.45
[157]       Lk  12.41-44
[266]       Mt  24.46-47
[155]       Lk  12.37-38
[266]       Mt  24.46-47
[157]       Lk  12.41-44
[267]       Mt  24.48-51
[158]       Lk  12.45-46
[270]       Mt  25.15-28
[229]       Lk  19.13-25
[272]       Mt  25.30
[231]       Lk  19.27

~

~

2_3-full-malnazar-e1555361910309.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons II – III, Malnazar Gospels, Getty museum collection

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5_6 Getty.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons V – VI, Getty museum collection

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Canon VI

~
Matthew
Mark
[9]           Mt  3.4-6
[3]           Mk  1.4-7A
[17]         Mt  4.11
[7]           Mk  1.13B
[20]         Mt  4.17-18
[9]           Mk  1.14B-16
[22]         Mt  4.21-22
[11]         Mk  1.19-20
[44]         Mt  6.14-15
[126]       Mk  11.25-26
[77]         Mt  9.36
[63]         Mk  6.32-34
[100]       Mt  10.42
[98]         Mk  9.41
[139]       Mt  13.34-35
[45]         Mk  4.33-34A
[145]       Mt  14.6-12
[60]         Mk  6.18-29
[148]       Mt  14.22
[65]         Mk  6.45
[152]       Mt  14.32-34
[68]         Mk  6.51-53
[154]       Mt  15.1-11
[71]         Mk  7.5-16
[157]       Mt  15.15-23
[72]         Mk  7.17-26A
[159]       Mt  15.25-28
[73]         Mk  7.26B-30
[160]       Mt  15.29-39
[76]         Mk  7.37B-8.10
[163]       Mt  16.4
[78]         Mk  8.12-14
[165]       Mt  16.7-12
[80]         Mk  8.16-21
[169]       Mt  16.22-23
[84]         Mk  8.32B-33
[173]       Mt  17.10-13
[89]         Mk  9.11-13
[180]       Mt  18.8-9
[100]       Mk  9.43-47
[189]       Mt  19.1-8
[103]       Mk  10.1-9
[202]       Mt  20.20-23
[113]       Mk  10.35-40
[214]       Mt  21.17-20
[120]       Mk  11.11-15A
[215]       Mt  21.21
[124]       Mk  11.22-23
[224]       Mt  22.34-40
[131]       Mk  12.28-31
[246]       Mt  24.14
[140]       Mk  13.10
[247]       Mt  24.15-16
[142]       Mk  13.14A
[250]       Mt  24.20
[145]       Mk  13.18
[252]       Mt  24.22
[147]       Mk  13.20
[254]       Mt  24.24
[149]       Mk  13.22-23
[260]       Mt  24.36
[152]       Mk  13.32
[263]       Mt  24.42
[153]       Mk  13.33
[275]       Mt  26.3-5
[157]       Mk  14.1B-2
[282]       Mt  26.24B
[164]       Mk  14.21B
[286]       Mt  26.30
[167]       Mk  14.26-27A
[288]       Mt  26.31B-32
[169]       Mk  14.27C-28
[290]       Mt  26.35
[171]       Mk  14.31
[292]       Mt  26.36B-37
[173]       Mk  14.32B-33
[298]       Mt  26.42-44
[179]       Mk  14.39-40
[305]       Mt  26.56
[185]       Mk  14.49B-50
[309]       Mt  26.60B-64A
[190]       Mk  14.57-61
[311]       Mt  26.65A
[192]       Mk  14.63A
[330]       Mt  27.30-31
[208]       Mk  15.20
[337]       Mt  27.39-40
[217]       Mk  15.29-30
[341]       Mt  27.46-47
[221]       Mk  15.34-35
[347]       Mt  27.55-56
[226]       Mk  15.40-41
[350]       Mt  27.61
[229]       Mk  15.47

~

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6-walters.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canon VI, Walters collection

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7_8 getty-canons full

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons VII – VIII, Getty museum collection

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Canon VII

~
Matthew
John
[5]           Mt  2.5-6
[83]         Jn  7.41B-42
[19]         Mt  4.13-16
[19]         Jn  2.12
[19]         Mt  4.13-16
[32]         Jn  4.3
[19]         Mt  4.13-16
[34]         Jn  4.43
[120]       Mt  12.23
[82]         Jn  7.40-41A
[185]       Mt  18.18
[215]       Jn  20.23
[207]       Mt  21.4-5
[101]       Jn  12.14-15

~

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9_4-zeytun-2.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons VIII – IX, by Toros Roslin, Zeytun Gospels, 1256, Getty museum collection

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Canon VIII

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Luke
Mark
[23]         Lk  4.31
[12]         Mk  1.21
[25]         Lk  4.33-37
[14]         Mk  1.23-28
[27]         Lk  4.41
[16]         Mk  1.34B
[27]         Lk  4.41
[28]         Mk  3.11B-12
[28]         Lk  4.42-44
[17]         Mk  1.35-39
[84]         Lk  8.37B-39
[48]         Mk  5.18-20
[89]         Lk  9.6
[56]         Mk  6.12-13
[91]         Lk  9.10A
[61]         Mk  6.30
[100]       Lk  9.43A
[75]         Mk  7.36B-37A
[103]       Lk  9.49-50
[97]         Mk  9.38-40
[247]       Lk  20.47-21.4
[136]       Mk  12.40-44
[277]       Lk  22.37
[216]       Mk  15.28
[335]       Lk  23.56
[230]       Mk  16.1

~

~

9_6 Toros Roslin.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons IX – X, by Toros Roslin, Zeytun Gospels, 1256, Getty museum collection

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Canon IX

~
Luke
John
[30]         Lk  5.4-7
[219]       Jn  21.1-6
[30]         Lk  5.4-7
[222]       Jn  21.11
[262]       Lk  22.3
[113]       Jn  13.2
[262]       Lk  22.3
[124]       Jn  13.26B-27A
[274]       Lk  22.32B
[227]       Jn  21.15B
[274]       Lk  22.32B
[229]       Jn  21.16B
[274]       Lk  22.32B
[231]       Jn  21.17B
[303]       Lk  23.4
[182]       Jn  18.38B
[303]       Lk  23.4
[186]       Jn  19.4
[303]       Lk  23.4
[190]       Jn  19.6C
[307]       Lk  23.13-14
[182]       Jn  18.38B
[307]       Lk  23.13-14
[186]       Jn  19.4
[307]       Lk  23.13-14
[190]       Jn  19.6C
[312]       Lk  23.22
[182]       Jn  18.38B
[312]       Lk  23.22
[186]       Jn  19.4
[312]       Lk  23.22
[190]       Jn  19.6C
[340]       Lk  24.36-40
[213]       Jn  20.19-20A
[340]       Lk  24.36-40
[217]       Jn  20.26-27
[341]       Lk  24.41-43
[221]       Jn  21.9-10
[341]       Lk  24.41-43
[223]       Jn  21.12A
[341]       Lk  24.41-43
[225]       Jn  21.13

~

~

x_lk_jn-walters.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canon X, Walters collection

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Canon X

In Matthew only

~
[2]           Mt  1.17
[106]       Mt  11.14-15
[210]       Mt  21.10-11
[4]           Mt  1.19 -2.4
[109]       Mt  11.23B-24
[212]       Mt  21.14
[6]           Mt  2.7-23
[113]       Mt  11.28-30
[218]       Mt  21.28-32
[13]         Mt  3.13-15
[115]       Mt  12.5-8
[222]       Mt  22.11-14
[24]         Mt  5.1
[118]       Mt  12.15-21
[227]       Mt  23.1-3
[26]         Mt  5.4
[124]       Mt  12.33-34
[230]       Mt  23.8-11
[29]         Mt  5.7-10
[126]       Mt  12.36-37
[233]       Mt  23.15-22
[33]         Mt  5.17
[136]       Mt  13.24-30
[235]       Mt  23.24
[35]         Mt  5.19-24
[140]       Mt  13.36-53
[239]       Mt  23.33
[37]         Mt  5.27-39A
[151]       Mt  14.28-31
[245]       Mt  24.10-13
[39]         Mt  5.41-43
[155]       Mt  15.12-13
[268]       Mt  25.1-13
[42]         Mt  6.1-6
[167]       Mt  16.17-19
[273]       Mt  25.31-26.1
[45]         Mt  6.16-19
[171]       Mt  16.27
[283]       Mt  26.25
[52]         Mt  7.6
[177]       Mt  17.24-27
[303]       Mt  26.52B-54
[56]         Mt  7.15-16A
[181]       Mt  18.10-11
[319]       Mt  27.3-10
[75]         Mt  9.27-34
[184]       Mt  18.16-17
[324]       Mt  27.19
[81]         Mt  10.5-6
[186]       Mt  18.19-20
[327]       Mt  27.24-25
[89]         Mt  10.23
[188]       Mt  18.23-35
[345]       Mt  27.51B-53
[91]         Mt  10.25B-26A
[191]       Mt  19.10-12
[351]       Mt  27.62-66
[99]         Mt  10.41
[196]       Mt  19.28A
[355]       Mt  28.9-20
[101]       Mt  11.1
[200]       Mt  20.1-16

~

~

2_3 Gospel pet

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons II-III, Walters collection

 

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Canon X

In Mark only

~
[19]         Mk  1.45
[74]         Mk  7.31-36A
[104]       Mk  10.10
[31]         Mk  3.20-21
[81]         Mk  8.22-26
[123]       Mk  11.19-21
[43]         Mk  4.26-29
[88]         Mk  9.10
[132]       Mk  12.32-34A
[46]         Mk  4.34B
[90]         Mk  9.14-16
[186]       Mk  14.51-52
[58]         Mk  6.15-16
[92]         Mk  9.28-29
[213]       Mk  15.25
[62]         Mk  6.31
[94]         Mk  9.33
[70]         Mk  7.1-4
[101]       Mk  9.49

~

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X3_X4 getty-canons

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canons X, by Toros Roslin, Zeytun Gospels, 1256, Getty museum collection

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Canon X

In Luke only

~
[1]           Lk  1.1-34
[151]       Lk  12.32
[256]       Lk  21.24
[3]           Lk  1.36-2.46
[154]       Lk  12.35-36
[259]       Lk  21.34-38
[5]           Lk  2.48B-52
[159]       Lk  12.47-48
[264]       Lk  22.14-15
[9]           Lk  3.10-16A
[163]       Lk  13.1-5
[271]       Lk  22.27-30A
[18]         Lk  4.16-21
[164]       Lk  13.6-13
[273]       Lk  22.31-32A
[20]         Lk  4.23
[166]       Lk  13.17
[276]       Lk  22.35-36
[22]         Lk  4.25-30
[174]       Lk  13.31-33
[278]       Lk  22.38
[29]         Lk  5.1-3
[176]       Lk  14.1-4
[283]       Lk  22.43-44
[31]         Lk  5.8-10A
[178]       Lk  14.7-10
[288]       Lk  22.51
[50]         Lk  6.24-25
[180]       Lk  14.12-15
[296]       Lk  22.67B-68
[51]         Lk  6.26
[183]       Lk  14.28-32
[298]       Lk  22.70
[67]         Lk  7.11-16
[188]       Lk  15.8-9
[301]       Lk  23.2
[68]         Lk  7.17
[190]       Lk  15.11-16.12
[304]       Lk  23.5-9
[72]         Lk  7.29-30
[192]       Lk  16.14-15
[306]       Lk  23.11-12
[75]         Lk  8.1-3
[196]       Lk  16.19-31
[308]       Lk  23.15-16
[104]       Lk  9.51-56
[201]       Lk  17.7-19
[316]       Lk  23.27-31
[106]       Lk  9.61-62
[203]       Lk  17.22
[320]       Lk  23.34A
[107]       Lk  10.1
[208]       Lk  17.28-30
[326]       Lk  23.40-43
[113]       Lk  10.7B-9
[210]       Lk  17.32
[331]       Lk  23.48-49
[117]       Lk  10.17-20
[214]       Lk  18.1-14A
[334]       Lk  23.54-55
[122]       Lk  10.29-42
[223]       Lk  18.34
[339]       Lk  24.10-35
[124]       Lk  11.5-8
[225]       Lk  19.1-9
[342]       Lk  24.44-53
[131]       Lk  11.27-28
[227]       Lk  19.11
[143]       Lk  11.53-12.1A
[236]       Lk  19.41-44A
[149]       Lk  12.13-21
[252]       Lk  21.20

~

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1-echmiatzin.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canon I, Echmiadzin Gospels, 10th century, Matenadaran collection

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Canon X

In John only

~
[4]           Jn  1.11-13
[81]         Jn  7.34-39
[157]       Jn  18.2
[7]           Jn  1.16-17
[84]         Jn  7.43
[159]       Jn  18.4-9
[9]           Jn  1.19-22
[86]         Jn  7.45-8.19A
[163]       Jn  18.13-14
[11]         Jn  1.24-25
[89]         Jn  8.21-10.14
[165]       Jn  18.15B
[13]         Jn  1.28-29
[92]         Jn  10.16-38
[167]       Jn  18.16B
[16]         Jn  1.35-40
[94]         Jn  10.41-11.52
[169]       Jn  18.18-19
[18]         Jn  1.43-2.11
[97]         Jn  11.55B-12.1
[171]       Jn  18.21
[22]         Jn  2.17
[99]         Jn  12.9-11
[173]       Jn  18.23
[24]         Jn  2.19-3.22
[102]       Jn  12.16-22
[177]       Jn  18.28B-32
[27]         Jn  3.25-27
[104]       Jn  12.24
[179]       Jn  18.34-36
[29]         Jn  3.29-34
[106]       Jn  12.26A
[181]       Jn  18.37B-38A
[31]         Jn  3.36-4.2
[108]       Jn  12.27B-38
[189]       Jn  19.6B
[33]         Jn  4.4-42
[110]       Jn  12.41-43
[191]       Jn  19.7
[36]         Jn  4.45-46A
[112]       Jn  12.46-13.1
[193]       Jn  19.10-14
[39]         Jn  5.11-23A
[115]       Jn  13.3B-12
[195]       Jn  19.15B
[41]         Jn  5.24-30A
[117]       Jn  13.14-15
[200]       Jn  19.20-22
[43]         Jn  5.31-37A
[119]       Jn  13.18-19
[202]       Jn  19.24B-27
[45]         Jn  5.38-47
[123]       Jn  13.23-26A
[205]       Jn  19.31-37
[50]         Jn  6.14-15A
[125]       Jn  13.27B-35
[207]       Jn  19.39
[52]         Jn  6.22-29
[127]       Jn  14.1-12
[210]       Jn  20.2-10
[54]         Jn  6.31-34
[130]       Jn  14.22-24A
[212]       Jn  20.13-18
[56]         Jn  6.35B-37
[132]       Jn  14.26-15.6
[214]       Jn  20.20B-22
[58]         Jn  6.39-40
[134]       Jn  15.8-12
[216]       Jn  20.24-25
[60]         Jn  6.43-45
[136]       Jn  15.14-16A
[218]       Jn  20.28-31
[62]         Jn  6.47
[138]       Jn  15.17-19
[220]       Jn  21.7-8
[64]         Jn  6.49-50
[140]       Jn  15.20B
[224]       Jn  21.12B
[66]         Jn  6.52-54
[143]       Jn  15.22
[226]       Jn  21.14-15A
[68]         Jn  6.56-61
[145]       Jn  15.24-16.2A
[228]       Jn  21.16A
[71]         Jn  6.63B-64A
[147]       Jn  16.4B-14
[230]       Jn  21.17A
[73]         Jn  6.65-67
[149]       Jn  16.15B-23A
[232]       Jn  21.18-25
[75]         Jn  6.70-7.27
[151]       Jn  16.25-30
[78]         Jn  7.31-32A
[153]       Jn  16.33-17.24
[80]         Jn  7.33
[155]       Jn  17.25B-26

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~

1 Fresno Toros

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Canon I, Toros Roslin, 13th century

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0_matenadaran-1-e1555275785947.jpg

Armenian Illuminated Canon Tables, Preface “Letter to Carpianus”, Matenadaran collection

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The Epistula ad Carpianum

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Eusebius’s explanatory letter to Carpianus was also very often reproduced and presented before the canon tables. The “Letter to Carpianus” or “Letter of Eusebius” is the title traditionally given to a letter from Eusebius of Caesarea to a Christian named Carpianus.
In this letter, Eusebius explains his ingenious system of Gospel harmony, the renowned Eusebian Canons (tables), ten in number, that divide the four Canonical gospels, and describes their purpose. Eusebius explains that Ammonius the Alexandrian created a system in which he placed sections of the gospels of Mark, Luke and John next to sections in Matthew that have a parallel meaning. As this disrupted the normal text order of the gospels of Mark, Luke and John, Eusebius used a system in which he placed the references to the parallel texts in ten tables or ‘canons’.
By using these tables, the parallel texts could easily be looked up, yet it still remains possible to read a gospel in its normal order. The numbers of sections were: Matthew 355, Mark 236, Luke 342, John 232, all together 1165 sections. The number of each “Ammonian section” is written in the margin of the manuscript, and underneath this numbering, another number indicator was written in coloured ink. The coloured number indicators referred to one of the ten Eusebian canons, in which the reference numbers were to be found out of the parallel sections of the Gospels.

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Ευσέβιος Καρπιανῷ ἀγαπητῷ ἀδελφῷ ἐν κυρίῳ χαἳρειν.
Ἀμμώνιος μὲν ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεὺς πολλὴν ὡς εἰκὸς φιλοπονίαν καὶ σπουδὴν εἰσαγηοχὼς τὸ διὰ τεσσάρων ἡμῖν καταλέλοιπεν εὐαγγέλιον, τῷ κατὰ Ματθαῖον τὰς ὁμοφώνους τῶν λοιπῶν εὐαγγελιστῶν περικοπὰς παραθείς, ὡς ἐξ ἀνάγκης συμβῆναι τὸν τῆς ἀκολουθίας εἱρμὸν τῶν τριῶν διαφθαρῆναι ὅσον ἐπὶ τῷ ὕφει τῆς ἀναγνώσεως· ἵνα δὲ σωζομένου καὶ τοῦ τῶν λοιπῶν διʼ ὅλου σώματός τε καὶ εἱρμοῦ εἰδέναι ἔχοις τοὺς οἰκείους ἑκάστου εὐαγγελιστοῦ τόπους, ἐν οἷς κατὰ τῶν αὐτῶν ἠνέχθησαν φιλαλήθως εἰπεῖν, ἐκ τοῦ πονήματος τοῦ προειρημένου ἀνδρὸς εἰληφὼς ἀφορμὰς καθʼ ἑτέραν μέθοδον κανόνας δέκα τὸν ἀριθμὸν διεχάραξά σοι τοὺς ὑποτεταγμένους. ὧν ὁ μὲν πρῶτος περιέχει ἀριθμοὺς ἐν οἷς τὰ παραπλήσια εἰρήκασιν οἱ τέσσαρες, Ματθαῖος Μάρκος Λοῦκας Ἰωάννης· ὁ δεύτερος, ἐν ᾧ οἱ τρεῖς, Ματθαῖος Μάρκος Λουκᾶς· ὁ τρίτος, ἐν ᾧ οἱ τρεῖς, Ματθαῖος Λουκᾶς Ἰωάννες· ὁ τέταρτος, ἐν ᾧ οἱ τρεῖς, Ματθαῖος Μάρκος Ἰωάννης· ὁ πέμπτος, ἐν ᾧ οἱ δύο, Ματθαῖος Λουκᾶς· ὁ ἕκτος, ἐν ᾧ οἱ δύο, Ματθαῖος Μάρκος· ὁ ἕβδομος, ἐν ᾧ οἱ δύο, Ματθαῖος Ἰωάννης· ὁ ὄγδοος, ἐν ᾧ οἱ δύο, Λοuκᾶς Μάρκος· ὁ ἕνατος, ἐν ᾧ οἱ δύο, Λουκᾶς Ἰωάννης· ὁ δέκατος, ἐν ᾧ ἕκαστος αὐτῶν περί τινων ἰδίως ἀνέγραψεν. αὕτη μὲν οὖν ἡ τῶν ὑποτεταγμένων κανόνων ὑπόθεσις, ἡ δὲ σαφὴς αὑτῶν διήγησίς ἐστιν ἥδε. ἐφʼ ἑκάστῳ τῶν τεσσάρων εὐαγγελίων ἀριθμός τις πρόκειται, κατὰ μέρος ἀρχόμενος ἀπὸ τοῦ πρώτου, εἶτα δευτέρου καὶ τρίτου, καὶ καθεξῆς προϊὼν διʼ ὅλου μέχρι τοῦ τέλους τῶν βιβλίων. καθʼ ἕκαστον δὲ ἀριθμὸν ὑποσημείωσις πρόκειται διὰ κινναβάρεως, δηλοῦσα ἐν ποίῳ τῶν δέκα κανόνων κείμενος ὁ ἀριθμὸς τυγχάνει. οἷον εἰ μὲν αʹ, δῆλον ὡς ἐν τῷ πρώτῳ· εἰ δὲ βʹ, ἐν τῷ δευτέρῳ· καὶ οὕτως μέχρι τῶν δέκα. εἰ οὖν ἀναπτύξας ἔν τι τῶν τεσσάρων εὐαγγελίων ὁποιονδήποτε βουληθείης ἐπιστῆσαί τινι ᾧ βούλει κεφαλαίῳ, καὶ γνῶναι τίνες τὰ παραπλήσια εἰρήκασιν, καὶ τοὺς οἰκείους ἐν ἑκάστῳ τόπους εὑρεῖν, ἐν οἷς κατὰ τῶν αὐτῶν ἠνέχθησαν, ἧς ἐπέχεις περικοπῆς ἀναλαβὼν τὸν προκείμενον ἀριθμόν, ἐπιζητήσας τε αὐτὸν ἔνδον ἐν τῷ κανόνι ὃν ἡ διὰ τοῦ κινναβάρεως ὑποσημείωσις ὑποβέβληκεν, εἴσῃ μὲν εὐθὺς ἐκ τῶν ἐπὶ μετώπου τοῦ κανόνος προγραφῶν ὁπόσοι τε καὶ τίνες περὶ οὗ ζητεῖς εἰρήκασιν· ἐπιστήσας δὲ καὶ τοῖς τῶν λοιπῶν εὐαγγελίων ἀριθμοῖς τοῖς ἐν τῷ κανόνι ᾧ ἐπέχεις ἀριθμῷ παρακειμένοις, ἐπιζητήσας τε αὐτοὺς ἔνδον ἐν τοῖς οἰκείοις ἑκάστου εὐαγγελίου τόποις, τὰ παραπλήσια λέγοντας αὐτοὺς εὑρήσεις.

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An English translation of the “Letter to Carpianus”:
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Eusebius to Carpianus his beloved brother in the Lord: greetings.
Ammonius the Alexandrian, having exerted a great deal of energy and effort as was necessary, bequeaths to us a harmonized account of the four gospels. Alongside the Gospel according to Matthew, he placed the corresponding sections of the other gospels. But this had the inevitable result of ruining the sequential order of the other three gospels, as far as a continuous reading of the text was concerned. Keeping, however, both the body and sequence of the other gospels completely intact, in order that you may be able to know where each evangelist wrote passages in which they were led by love of truth to speak about the same things, I drew up a total of ten tables according to another system, acquiring the raw data from the work of the man mentioned above. These tables are set out for you below.
The first of them lists the reference numbers for similar things recounted in the four gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John; the second in the three, Matthew, Mark, and Luke; the third in the three, Matthew, Luke, and John; the fourth in the three, Matthew, Mark, and John; the fifth in the two, Matthew, and Luke; the sixth in the two, Matthew and Mark; the seventh in the two, Matthew and John; the eighth in the two, Mark and Luke; the ninth in the two, Luke and John; the tenth is for unique things recorded in each gospel.
Now that I have outlined the structure of the tables set out below, I will explain how to use them. In each of the four gospels, consecutive reference numbers are assigned to each section, starting from the first, then the second, and the third, and so on in sequence, proceeding through the whole gospel to the book’s end. Every reference number has a numeral written below it in red that indicates in which of the ten tables the reference number is located. If the red numeral is a I, the reference number is clearly in the first table, and if it is a II, in the second, and thus in sequence to the numeral ten.
And so, suppose you open one of the four gospels at some point, wishing to go to a certain chapter in order to know what gospels recount similar things and to find in each gospel the related passages in which the evangelists were led to speak about the same things. By using the reference number assigned for the section in which you are interested and looking for it within the table indicated by the red numeral below it, you will immediately discover from the titles at the head of the table how many and which gospels recount similar things. By going to the other gospels’ reference numbers that are in the same row as the reference number in the table you are at and looking them up in the related passages of each gospel, you will find similar things mentioned.

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Sources:

http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/eusebius_letter_to_carpianus.htm

http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/eusebius_canon_tables_01.htm

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Letter of Eusebius to Carpianus, Armenian manuscript 1193, Walters Art museum collection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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