Annunciation

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Armenian illuminated manuscripts

A collection of the best known and most characteristic illuminated manuscripts of the Armenian Church

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Armenian illuminated manuscripts form one of the most beautiful traditions of the Medieval Armenian art. The earliest surviving examples date from the 5th century, following the invention of the Armenian alphabet by Masrop Mashtots Մեսրոպ Մաշտոց (362-440). Very few fragments dated from the 5th-7th centuries have been survived. The oldest preserved in its entirety dates from the 9th century. 13th-14th centuries form the golden age of the Armenian calligraphy. Among the greatest Armenian miniaturists is Toros Roslin Թորոս Ռոսլին (1210-1270), who lived and worked in the Armenian kingdom of CIlicia.
Armenian Illuminated manuscripts are remarkable for their festive designs based on the Armenian  religious life and culture. lluminated manuscripts mostly recount the Holy Bible, in particular the Holy Gospels, as well as many aspects of the religious life and teachings of the Armenian Church. Most of the manuscripts were written and illustrated by monks. Armenian monasteries have been for centuries the centres of religious art and literature. Most of those manuscripts are exquisitely elaborated, covered in gilt and brilliant colors. It was a common belief that the beauty of the illustration could refresh the human mind and spirit.
Of the 31,000 Armenian manuscripts currently listed around the world, about 10,000 of them are ornamented, with 5,000 – 7,000 of them containing miniatures. Most of these manuscripts are preserved in the Matenadaran Institute of Yerevan (more than ten thousand manuscripts and fragments of manuscripts).

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»   The Annunciation of Virgin Mary


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1-echmiatzin-annunciation

The Annunciation, 10th century, Echmiadzin Gospels, ms2374 Matenadaran collection

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1-M2977-11th-annunciation

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, 11th century, ms2877 Matenadaran collection

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1232-ms2743-annunciation.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, by Tiranu Grigor, 1232, Targmanchats Gospels, ms2743 Matenadaran collection

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annunciation_miniature

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, by Sargis Pidzak, 1280, Hromkla, Cilicia, ms9422 Matenadaran collection

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1287-ms197-annunciation-e1565779812600.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary,  by Hovhannes monk, 1287, Akner monastery, ms197 Matenadaran collection

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1-20-tatevatsi-annunciation

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, by Grigor Tatevatsi, 1297, monastery of Tatev, ms7482 Matenadaran collection

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mtd-gr-22-taronatsl.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, by Toros Taronatsi, 1323, Gladzor monastery, ms6289 Matenadaran collection

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1330-ms2929-annunciation-e1565786093946.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, Gospel from village of Urunkar, 1330, ms2929 Matenadaran collection

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1337-ms212-annunciation.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, by monk Avag, 1337, Agarak monastery, ms212 Matenadaran collection

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1356-ms7408-annunciation

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, by Karapet and Kirakos Arakel, 1356, Surkhat, Crimea, ms7408 Matenadaran collection

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1356-ms7740-annunciation.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, by Mhitar Anetsi, 1356-1357, Sultaniae, Iran, ms7740 Matenadaran collection

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1398-ms6305-annunciation-e1565794651989.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, by Grigor of Syunik, 14th century, Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem

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1398-ms318-annunciation-e1565787774439.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, Gospel from Crimea, 14th century, ms318 Matenadaran collection

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1398-ms316-annunciation.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary, Karabakh Gospels, 14th century, ms316 Matenadaran collection

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1-walters-annunciation2-e1564928722215.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary,  by Hovhannes Vardapet, 1455, Hizan monastery, W.543 Walters collection 

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1-walters-annunciation.jpg

The Annunciation of Virgin Mary,  by Aristakes, 1475, Lake Van, W.540 Walters collection 

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1610-msarm13-annunciation-e1565730813765.jpg

The Annunciation, 1609, The Bodleian Library

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»   The Visitation


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1610-msarm13-visitation.jpg

The Visitation, 1609, The Bodleian Library

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