Evangelists

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Armenian illuminated manuscripts

A collection of the best known and most characteristic illuminated manuscripts of the Armenian Church

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Armenian illuminated manuscripts form one of the most beautiful traditions of the Medieval Armenian art. The earliest surviving examples date from the 5th century, following the invention of the Armenian alphabet by Masrop Mashtots Մեսրոպ Մաշտոց (362-440). Very few fragments dated from the 5th-7th centuries have been survived. The oldest preserved in its entirety dates from the 9th century. 13th-14th centuries form the golden age of the Armenian calligraphy. Among the greatest Armenian miniaturists is Toros Roslin Թորոս Ռոսլին (1210-1270), who lived and worked in the Armenian kingdom of CIlicia.
Armenian Illuminated manuscripts are remarkable for their festive designs based on the Armenian  religious life and culture. lluminated manuscripts mostly recount the Holy Bible, in particular the Holy Gospels, as well as many aspects of the religious life and teachings of the Armenian Church. Most of the manuscripts were written and illustrated by monks. Armenian monasteries have been for centuries the centres of religious art and literature. Most of those manuscripts are exquisitely elaborated, covered in gilt and brilliant colors. It was a common belief that the beauty of the illustration could refresh the human mind and spirit.
Of the 31,000 Armenian manuscripts currently listed around the world, about 10,000 of them are ornamented, with 5,000 – 7,000 of them containing miniatures. Most of these manuscripts are preserved in the Matenadaran Institute of Yerevan (more than ten thousand manuscripts and fragments of manuscripts).

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»   The Four Evangelists


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1269-ms2705-4 evangelists

The Four Evangelists, Stepanos and Nikolayos Arakel, 1269, Crimea, ms2705 Matenadaran collection

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»   St. Matthew the Evangelist


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1232-ms2743-st-matthew.jpg

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Tiranu Grigor, 1232, Targmanchats Gospels, ms2743 Matenadaran collection

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1237-7700-st matthew

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Tiranu Grigor, 1237, ms7700 Matenadaran collection

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800px-toros_roslin_gospels_portrait_of_the_evangelist_matthew_walters_manuscript_w.539_fol._13v.jpg

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Toros Roslin, 1262, W.539 Walters collection

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1270-ms345-st matthew

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Barsegh, 1270, Grner monastery, ms345 Matenadaran collection

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1293-ms5784+st matthew

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Simon monk, 1293, Skevra monastery, Cilicia, ms5784 Matenadaran collection 

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1297-ms7482-st-matthew.jpg

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Grigor Tatevatsi, 1297, monastery of Tatev, ms7482 Matenadaran collection

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1-sarkis-pidzak-st-matthew.jpg

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Sargis Pidzak, 1336, Sis, Cilicia, ms5786 Matenadaran collection

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The_Gospels_(MS6305)

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Grigor of Syunik, 14th century, ms6305 Matenadaran collection

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1398-ms4060-st-matthew.jpg

St. Matthew the Evangelist, 14th century, Cilicia, Matenadaran collection

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1-walters543-mathew.jpg

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Aristakes, 1475, Lake Van, W.540 Walters collection 

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Gospel,_Isfahan,_1610_Matteu

St. Matthew the Evangelist, by Hakob of Djoulfa, 1610, Isfahan

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1610-msARM13-st matthew

St. Matthew the Evangelist, 1609, The Bodleian Library

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»   St. Mark the Evangelist


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800px-toros_roslin_gospels_portrait_of_the_evangelist_mark_walters_manuscript_w.539_fol._130v.jpg

St. Mark the Evangelist, by Toros Roslin, 1262, W.539 Walters collection

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1270-ms7641-st-mark-e1565816618450.jpg

St. Mark the Evangelist, by Sargis Pidzak, 1276, Hromkla, Cilicia, ms7648 Matenadaran collection

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1304-ms546-st mark

St. Mark the Evangelist, by Khachadur, Tiflis Gospels, ms546 Matenadaran collection

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1251-ms3033-st-mark.jpg

St. Mark the Evangelist, by Sargis Pidzak, 1351, Hromkla, Cilicia, ms6292 Matenadaran collection

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1268-ms10675-st mark

St. Mark the Evangelist, by Toros Roslin, Malatia Gospels, 1268, Hromkla monastery, ms10675 Matenadaran collection

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285px-V1144G_5_StMark

St. Mark the Evangelist, Queen Mlk’e Gospel, 851-862, Mechitarists’ Library, San Lazaro, Venice

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1198-ms311-st mark

St. Mark the Evangelist, Sebastia Gospel, 12th century, ms311 Matenadaran collection

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Gospel_1260

St. Mark the Evangelist, by Smbat sparapet, 1376, Crimea, ms7644 Matenadaran collection

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1610-msARM13-st mark

St. Mark the Evangelist, 1609, The Bodleian Library

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»   St. Luke the Evangelist


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800px-toros_roslin_gospels_portrait_of_the_evangelist_luke_walters_manuscript_w.539_fol._200v.jpg

St. Luke the Evangelist, by Toros Roslin, 1262, W.539 Walters collection

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Luke_by_roslin

St. Luke the Evangelist, by Toros Roslin, 13th century

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mtd-cil-83-m-Luke

St. Luke the Evangelist, by Sargis Pidzak, 1351, Hromkla, Cilicia, ms6292 Matenadaran collection

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1-mesrop_of_khizan_1605-1651-luke_the_evangelist.jpg

St. Luke the Evangelist, Mesrop of Khizan 1605-1651, Paul Getty museum

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1610-msARM13-st luke

St. Luke the Evangelist, 1609, The Bodleian Library

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»   St. John the Evangelist


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1-04-7737-st John

St. John the Evangelist, 12th century, ms7737 Matenadaran collection

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1224-ms4823-st-john.jpg

St. John the Evangelist, 1224, Khoranashat vank, Artsakh, ms4823 Matenadaran collection

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1232-ms2743-st john

St. John the Evangelist, by Tiranu Grigor, 1232, Targmanchats Gospels, ms2743 Matenadaran collection

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1-queenkerangospel1265-johnapostle

St. John the Evangelist, by Toros Roslin, Queen Keran Gospel, 1262, Jerusalem Arm.Patriarchate

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800px-toros_roslin_gospels_portrait_of_john_and_prochoros_walters_manuscript_w.539_fol._317v.jpg

St. John the Evangelist and Prochorus, by Toros Roslin, 1262, W.539 Walters collection

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800px-Toros_Roslin_Manrankar

St. John the Evangelist, by Toros Roslin, Malatia Gospels, 1268, ms10675 Matenadaran collection

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Gospel_of_Shukhonts_John1

The Gospel of St. John, Chapter 1, first page, Shukhonts manuscripts, 13th century 

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1337-ms212-st-john.jpg

St. John the Evangelist, by monk Avag, 1337, Agarak monastery, ms212 Matenadaran collection

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1-Mesrop_of_Khizan_1605-1651-John_the_Evangelist.jpg

St. John the Evangelist, Mesrop of Khizan 1605-1651, Paul Getty museum

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1610-msARM13-st john

St. John the Evangelist, 1609, The Bodleian Library

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1-malnazar-john_the_evangelist-2-e1565962945235.jpg

St. John the Evangelist, Malnazar Gospels, 1637, Paul Getty museum

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